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Showing 16 to 30 of 39 results Save | Export
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Kyle, Kristopher; Crossley, Scott A.; McNamara, Danielle S. – Language Testing, 2016
This study explores the construct validity of speaking tasks included in the TOEFL iBT (e.g., integrated and independent speaking tasks). Specifically, advanced natural language processing (NLP) tools, MANOVA difference statistics, and discriminant function analyses (DFA) are used to assess the degree to which and in what ways responses to these…
Descriptors: Construct Validity, Natural Language Processing, Speech Skills, Speech Acts
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Davis, Larry – Language Testing, 2016
Two factors were investigated that are thought to contribute to consistency in rater scoring judgments: rater training and experience in scoring. Also considered were the relative effects of scoring rubrics and exemplars on rater performance. Experienced teachers of English (N = 20) scored recorded responses from the TOEFL iBT speaking test prior…
Descriptors: Evaluators, Oral Language, Scores, Language Tests
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Gu, Lin – Language Testing, 2015
In this study I examined the dimensionality of the latent ability underlying language use that is needed to fulfill the demands young learners face in English-medium instructional environments, where English is used as the means of instruction for teaching subject matters. Previous research on English language use by school-age children provided…
Descriptors: Language Aptitude, Language Proficiency, English (Second Language), English Language Learners
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Ockey, Gary J.; Koyama, Dennis; Setoguchi, Eric; Sun, Angela – Language Testing, 2015
The purpose of this study was to determine the extent to which performance on the TOEFL iBT speaking section is associated with other indicators of Japanese university students' abilities to communicate orally in an academic English environment and to determine which components of oral ability for these tasks are best assessed by TOEFL iBT. To…
Descriptors: Language Tests, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Correlation
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Kim, Ah-Young – Language Testing, 2015
Previous research in cognitive diagnostic assessment (CDA) of L2 reading ability has been frequently conducted using large-scale English proficiency exams (e.g., TOEFL, MELAB). Using CDA, it is possible to analyze individual learners' strengths and weaknesses in multiple attributes (i.e., knowledge, skill, strategy) measured at the item level.…
Descriptors: Language Tests, Diagnostic Tests, Cognitive Measurement, Reading Ability
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Ling, Guangming; Mollaun, Pamela; Xi, Xiaoming – Language Testing, 2014
The scoring of constructed responses may introduce construct-irrelevant factors to a test score and affect its validity and fairness. Fatigue is one of the factors that could negatively affect human performance in general, yet little is known about its effects on a human rater's scoring quality on constructed responses. In this study, we compared…
Descriptors: Evaluators, Fatigue (Biology), Scoring, Performance
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Papageorgiou, Spiros; Cho, Yeonsuk – Language Testing, 2014
A common use of language tests is to support decisions about examinees such as placement into appropriate classes. Research on placement testing has focused on English for Academic Purposes (EAP) in higher education contexts. However, there is little research exploring the use of language tests to place students in English as a Second Language…
Descriptors: Language Tests, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Student Placement
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Gu, Lin – Language Testing, 2014
This study investigated the relationship between latent components of academic English language ability and test takers' study-abroad and classroom learning experiences through a structural equation modeling approach in the context of TOEFL iBT® testing. Data from the TOEFL iBT public dataset were used. The results showed that test takers'…
Descriptors: Language Tests, Second Language Learning, Language Proficiency, English for Academic Purposes
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Barkaoui, Khaled – Language Testing, 2014
A major concern with computer-based (CB) tests of second-language (L2) writing is that performance on such tests may be influenced by test-taker keyboarding skills. Poor keyboarding skills may force test-takers to focus their attention and cognitive resources on motor activities (i.e., keyboarding) and, consequently, other processes and aspects of…
Descriptors: Language Tests, Computer Assisted Testing, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning
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Nitta, Ryo; Nakatsuhara, Fumiyo – Language Testing, 2014
Despite the growing popularity of paired format speaking assessments, the effects of pre-task planning time on performance in these formats are not yet well understood. For example, some studies have revealed the benefits of planning but others have not. Using a multifaceted approach including analysis of the process of speaking performance, the…
Descriptors: Oral Language, Language Tests, Second Language Learning, Decision Making
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Coombe, Christine; Davidson, Peter – Language Testing, 2014
The Common Educational Proficiency Assessment (CEPA) is a large-scale, high-stakes, English language proficiency/placement test administered in the United Arab Emirates to Emirati nationals in their final year of secondary education or Grade 12. The purpose of the CEPA is to place students into English classes at the appropriate government…
Descriptors: Language Tests, High Stakes Tests, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning
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Zhao, Cecilia Guanfang – Language Testing, 2013
Although a key concept in various writing textbooks, learning standards, and writing rubrics, voice remains a construct that is only loosely defined in the literature and impressionistically assessed in practice. Few attempts have been made to formally investigate whether and how the strength of an author's voice in written texts can be reliably…
Descriptors: Factor Analysis, Writing Instruction, Teaching Methods, Protocol Analysis
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Winke, Paula; Gass, Susan; Myford, Carol – Language Testing, 2013
Based on evidence that listeners may favor certain foreign accents over others (Gass & Varonis, 1984; Major, Fitzmaurice, Bunta, & Balasubramanian, 2002; Tauroza & Luk, 1997) and that language-test raters may better comprehend and/or rate the speech of test takers whose native languages (L1s) are more familiar on some level (Carey,…
Descriptors: Native Language, Bias, Dialects, Pronunciation
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Kokhan, Kateryna – Language Testing, 2013
Development and administration of institutional ESL placement tests require a great deal of financial and human resources. Due to a steady increase in the number of international students studying in the United States, some US universities have started to consider using standardized test scores for ESL placement. The English Placement Test (EPT)…
Descriptors: Standardized Tests, Language Tests, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning
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Cho, Yeonsuk; Rijmen, Frank; Novák, Jakub – Language Testing, 2013
This study examined the influence of prompt characteristics on the averages of all scores given to test taker responses on the TOEFL iBT[TM] integrated Read-Listen-Write (RLW) writing tasks for multiple administrations from 2005 to 2009. In the context of TOEFL iBT RLW tasks, the prompt consists of a reading passage and a lecture. To understand…
Descriptors: English (Second Language), Language Tests, Writing Tests, Cues
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