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Showing 1 to 15 of 35 results Save | Export
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Hsieh, Ching-Ni; Wang, Yuan – Language Testing, 2019
This study investigated a range of fluency, grammar, vocabulary, and content features of young language students' speaking performances, using a discourse-analytic approach. In total, 179 test takers' responses to the speaking section of the "TOEFL Junior"® Comprehensive test were selected for analysis. Mixed-design ANOVAs were used to…
Descriptors: Oral Language, Second Language Learning, Language Fluency, Grammar
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Beigman Klebanov, Beata; Ramineni, Chaitanya; Kaufer, David; Yeoh, Paul; Ishizaki, Suguru – Language Testing, 2019
Essay writing is a common type of constructed-response task used frequently in standardized writing assessments. However, the impromptu timed nature of the essay writing tests has drawn increasing criticism for the lack of authenticity for real-world writing in classroom and workplace settings. The goal of this paper is to contribute evidence to a…
Descriptors: Test Validity, Writing Tests, Writing Skills, Persuasive Discourse
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Plakans, Lia; Gebril, Atta; Bilki, Zeynep – Language Testing, 2019
The present study investigates integrated writing assessment performances with regard to the linguistic features of complexity, accuracy, and fluency (CAF). Given the increasing presence of integrated tasks in large-scale and classroom assessments, validity evidence is needed for the claim that their scores reflect targeted language abilities.…
Descriptors: Accuracy, Language Tests, Scores, Writing Evaluation
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Llosa, Lorena; Malone, Margaret E. – Language Testing, 2019
Investigating the comparability of students' performance on TOEFL writing tasks and actual academic writing tasks is essential to provide backing for the extrapolation inference in the TOEFL validity argument (Chapelle, Enright, & Jamieson, 2008). This study compared 103 international non-native-English-speaking undergraduate students'…
Descriptors: Computer Assisted Testing, Language Tests, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning
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Sawaki, Yasuyo; Sinharay, Sandip – Language Testing, 2018
The present study examined the reliability of the reading, listening, speaking, and writing section scores for the TOEFL iBT® test and their interrelationship in order to collect empirical evidence to support, respectively, the "generalization" inference and the "explanation" inference in the TOEFL iBT validity argument…
Descriptors: English (Second Language), Language Tests, Second Language Learning, Computer Assisted Testing
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Schmidgall, Jonathan E.; Getman, Edward P.; Zu, Jiyun – Language Testing, 2018
In this study, we define the term "screener test," elaborate key considerations in test design, and describe how to incorporate the concepts of practicality and argument-based validation to drive an evaluation of screener tests for language assessment. A screener test is defined as a brief assessment designed to identify an examinee as a…
Descriptors: Test Validity, Test Use, Test Construction, Language Tests
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Huang, Heng-Tsung Danny; Hung, Shao-Ting Alan; Plakans, Lia – Language Testing, 2018
Integrated speaking test tasks (integrated tasks) provide reading and/or listening input to serve as the basis for test-takers to formulate their oral responses. This study examined the influence of topical knowledge on integrated speaking test performance and compared independent speaking test performance and integrated speaking test performance…
Descriptors: Language Tests, Speech Tests, Comparative Analysis, English (Second Language)
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Ginther, April; Yan, Xun – Language Testing, 2018
This study examines the predictive validity of the TOEFL iBT with respect to academic achievement as measured by the first-year grade point average (GPA) of Chinese students at Purdue University, a large, public, Research I institution in Indiana, USA. Correlations between GPA, TOEFL iBT total and subsection scores were examined on 1990 mainland…
Descriptors: Correlation, Computer Assisted Testing, Profiles, English (Second Language)
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Lee, Shinhye; Winke, Paula – Language Testing, 2018
We investigated how young language learners process their responses on and perceive a computer-mediated, timed speaking test. Twenty 8-, 9-, and 10-year-old non-native English-speaking children (NNSs) and eight same-aged, native English-speaking children (NSs) completed seven computerized sample TOEFL® Primary™ speaking test tasks. We investigated…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Second Language Learning, Responses, Computer Assisted Testing
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Yi, Yeon-Sook – Language Testing, 2017
The present study examines the relative importance of attributes within and across items by applying four cognitive diagnostic assessment models. The current study utilizes the function of the models that can indicate inter-attribute relationships that reflect the response behaviors of examinees to analyze scored test-taker responses to four forms…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Reading Comprehension, Listening Comprehension, Language Tests
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Powers, Donald; Schedl, Mary; Papageorgiou, Spiros – Language Testing, 2017
The aim of this study was to develop, for the benefit of both test takers and test score users, enhanced "TOEFL ITP"® test score reports that go beyond the simple numerical scores that are currently reported. To do so, we applied traditional scale anchoring (proficiency scaling) to item difficulty data in order to develop performance…
Descriptors: English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Language Proficiency, Scores
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Römer, Ute – Language Testing, 2017
This paper aims to connect recent corpus research on phraseology with current language testing practice. It discusses how corpora and corpus-analytic techniques can illuminate central aspects of speech and help in conceptualizing the notion of lexicogrammar in second language speaking assessment. The description of speech and some of its core…
Descriptors: Language Tests, Grammar, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning
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Lu, Xiaofei – Language Testing, 2017
Research investigating corpora of English learners' language raises new questions about how syntactic complexity is defined theoretically and operationally for second language (L2) writing assessment. I show that syntactic complexity is important in construct definitions and L2 writing rating scales as well as in L2 writing research. I describe…
Descriptors: Syntax, Computational Linguistics, Second Language Learning, Writing Research
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Kyle, Kristopher; Crossley, Scott – Language Testing, 2017
Over the past 45 years, the construct of syntactic sophistication has been assessed in L2 writing using what Bulté and Housen (2012) refer to as absolute complexity (Lu, 2011; Ortega, 2003; Wolfe-Quintero, Inagaki, & Kim, 1998). However, it has been argued that making inferences about learners based on absolute complexity indices (e.g., mean…
Descriptors: Syntax, Verbs, Second Language Learning, Word Frequency
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Kyle, Kristopher; Crossley, Scott A.; McNamara, Danielle S. – Language Testing, 2016
This study explores the construct validity of speaking tasks included in the TOEFL iBT (e.g., integrated and independent speaking tasks). Specifically, advanced natural language processing (NLP) tools, MANOVA difference statistics, and discriminant function analyses (DFA) are used to assess the degree to which and in what ways responses to these…
Descriptors: Construct Validity, Natural Language Processing, Speech Skills, Speech Acts
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