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Sawaki, Yasuyo; Sinharay, Sandip – Language Testing, 2018
The present study examined the reliability of the reading, listening, speaking, and writing section scores for the TOEFL iBT® test and their interrelationship in order to collect empirical evidence to support, respectively, the "generalization" inference and the "explanation" inference in the TOEFL iBT validity argument…
Descriptors: English (Second Language), Language Tests, Second Language Learning, Computer Assisted Testing
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Sawaki, Yasuyo; Stricker, Lawrence J.; Oranje, Andreas H. – Language Testing, 2009
This construct validation study investigated the factor structure of the Test of English as a Foreign Language[TM] Internet-based test (TOEFL[R] iBT). An item-level confirmatory factor analysis was conducted for a test form completed by participants in a field study. A higher-order factor model was identified, with a higher-order general factor…
Descriptors: Speech Communication, Construct Validity, Factor Structure, Factor Analysis