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Powers, Donald; Schedl, Mary; Papageorgiou, Spiros – Language Testing, 2017
The aim of this study was to develop, for the benefit of both test takers and test score users, enhanced "TOEFL ITP"® test score reports that go beyond the simple numerical scores that are currently reported. To do so, we applied traditional scale anchoring (proficiency scaling) to item difficulty data in order to develop performance…
Descriptors: English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Language Proficiency, Scores
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Bridgeman, Brent; Powers, Donald; Stone, Elizabeth; Mollaun, Pamela – Language Testing, 2012
Scores assigned by trained raters and by an automated scoring system (SpeechRater[TM]) on the speaking section of the TOEFL iBT[TM] were validated against a communicative competence criterion. Specifically, a sample of 555 undergraduate students listened to speech samples from 184 examinees who took the Test of English as a Foreign Language…
Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, Speech Communication, Rating Scales, Scoring