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O'Dwyer, John; Kantarcioglu, Elif; Thomas, Carole – ETS Research Report Series, 2018
This study reports on an investigation of the predictive validity of the TOEFL iBT®test in an English-medium institution (EMI) in a non-target-language context, namely, Turkey. The relationship between TOEFL iBT scores and academic performance was explored in a cohort of 286 undergraduate students, as was the TOEFL iBT's relationship with an…
Descriptors: Predictive Validity, Computer Assisted Testing, Grade Point Average, Language of Instruction
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Ling, Guangming – Language Assessment Quarterly, 2017
To investigate whether the type of keyboard used in exams introduces any construct-irrelevant variance to the TOEFL iBT Writing scores, we surveyed 17,040 TOEFL iBT examinees from 24 countries on their keyboard-related perceptions and preferences and analyzed the survey responses together with their test scores. Results suggest that controlling…
Descriptors: English (Second Language), Language Tests, Second Language Learning, Writing Tests
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Gönen, Ipek Kuru – Educational Research and Reviews, 2015
Reading in FL possesses certain challenges for FL readers such as difficulty in inferring underlying messages in texts and dealing with unfamiliar cultural load. All these challenges may be associated with FL learners' reading proficiency and their use of FL reading strategies especially while reading academic materials. This study aims at…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Second Language Learning, English (Second Language), Reading Strategies
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Çelik, Servet; Karaca, Bilal – Novitas-ROYAL (Research on Youth and Language), 2014
Language education curricula and programs worldwide have begun emphasizing foreign language instruction for learners as young as 5-6 years, particularly in English. Yet, while studies have argued for the benefits of early language instruction, the results of this trend in terms of actual achievement are not clear. For this reason, the researchers…
Descriptors: Early Intervention, Outcomes of Education, Educational Improvement, English (Second Language)