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Liu, Ou Lydia – ETS Research Report Series, 2014
This study investigates the relationship between test preparation and test performance on the "TOEFL iBT"® exam. Information on background variables and test preparation strategies was gathered from 14,593 respondents in China through an online survey. A Chinese standardized English test was used as a control for prior English ability.…
Descriptors: Research Reports, Test Preparation, Language Tests, College Entrance Examinations
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Hill, Yao Zhang; Liu, Ou Lydia – ETS Research Report Series, 2012
This study investigated the effect of the interaction between test takers' background knowledge and language proficiency on their performance on the "TOEFL iBT"® reading section. Test takers with the target content background knowledge (the focal groups) and those without (the reference groups) were identified for each of the 5 selected…
Descriptors: Language Tests, Second Language Learning, English (Second Language), Internet
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Liu, Ou Lydia – Applied Measurement in Education, 2011
The TOEFL[R] iBT has increased the length of each reading passage to better approximate academic reading at North American universities, resulting in a reduction in the number of passages on the reading section of the test. One of the concerns brought about by this change is whether the decrease in topic variety increases the likelihood that an…
Descriptors: Language Tests, Reading Tests, English (Second Language), Test Bias
Liu, Ou Lydia; Schedl, Mary; Malloy, Jeanne; Kong, Nan – Educational Testing Service, 2009
The TOEFL iBT[TM] has increased the length of the reading passages in the reading section compared to the passages on the TOEFL[R] computer-based test (CBT) to better approximate academic reading in North American universities, resulting in a reduced number of passages in the reading test. A concern arising from this change is whether the decrease…
Descriptors: English (Second Language), Language Tests, Internet, Computer Assisted Testing