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Gu, Lin; Hsieh, Ching-Ni – Language Assessment Quarterly, 2019
Examining spoken features across proficiency levels allows researchers to explore the nature of speaking proficiency as it develops. This line of research has thus far primarily focused on adult second language (L2) learners. Using cross-sectional data based on a large-scale language assessment intended for young L2 learners, in this study, we…
Descriptors: Oral Language, Speech Communication, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning
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Gu, Lin; Lockwood, John; Powers, Donald E. – ETS Research Report Series, 2015
Standardized tests are often designed to provide only a snapshot of test takers' knowledge, skills, or abilities at a single point in time. Sometimes, however, they are expected to serve more demanding functions, one of them is assessing change in knowledge, skills, or ability over time because of learning effects.The latter is the case for the…
Descriptors: Language Tests, Second Language Learning, English (Second Language), Standardized Tests
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Gu, Lin – Language Testing, 2015
In this study I examined the dimensionality of the latent ability underlying language use that is needed to fulfill the demands young learners face in English-medium instructional environments, where English is used as the means of instruction for teaching subject matters. Previous research on English language use by school-age children provided…
Descriptors: Language Aptitude, Language Proficiency, English (Second Language), English Language Learners
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Gu, Lin – Language Testing, 2014
This study investigated the relationship between latent components of academic English language ability and test takers' study-abroad and classroom learning experiences through a structural equation modeling approach in the context of TOEFL iBT® testing. Data from the TOEFL iBT public dataset were used. The results showed that test takers'…
Descriptors: Language Tests, Second Language Learning, Language Proficiency, English for Academic Purposes