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Showing 1 to 15 of 28 results Save | Export
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Kearns, Devin M.; Al Ghanem, Reem – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2019
In an effort to improve oral reading, beginning and remedial reading programs in English focus on phonological awareness skills and recoding with grapheme--phoneme correspondences. The meanings of the words children practice reading aloud are given little emphasis. Some studies now suggest semantic knowledge may have a direct effect on children's…
Descriptors: Children, Semantics, Reading Aloud to Others, Oral Reading
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Bauminger-Zviely, Nirit; Alon, Mor; Brill, Alit; Schorr-Edelsztein, Hani; David, Tzuriel; Tubul, Gila; Al-Yagon, Michal – Journal of Special Education, 2019
The present study examined the role of language capacities in explaining differences in social information processing (SIP) among three school-age groups: high-functioning children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD, IQ > 75), children with specific learning disorder (SLD), and children with typical development (TD). Participants were 96 boys…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Learning Disabilities, Cognitive Processes
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Smith, Hiawatha D.; Miller, Samuel D. – Reading Psychology, 2018
This study evaluated the reading and motivational profiles of 187, 3rd, 4th, and 5th graders who failed their state-mandated reading assessment. Students completed reading assessments and the Motivation for Reading Questionnaire. Overall, student performances were below grade-level expectations, with the greatest discrepancy occurring between…
Descriptors: Student Motivation, Reading, Elementary School Students, Grade 3
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Muijselaar, Marloes M. L.; Swart, Nicole M.; Steenbeek-Planting, Esther G.; Droop, Mienke; Verhoeven, Ludo; de Jong, Peter F. – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2017
We examined the developmental relations between knowledge of reading strategies and reading comprehension in a longitudinal study of 312 Dutch children from the beginning of fourth grade to the end of fifth grade. Measures for reading comprehension, reading strategies, reading fluency, vocabulary, and working memory were administered. A structural…
Descriptors: Correlation, Reading Comprehension, Reading Strategies, Longitudinal Studies
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Nouwens, Suzan; Groen, Margriet A.; Verhoeven, Ludo – Reading and Writing: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 2017
Working memory is considered a well-established predictor of individual variation in reading comprehension in children and adults. However, how storage and processing capacities of working memory in both the phonological and semantic domain relate to reading comprehension is still unclear. In the current study, we investigated the contribution of…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Reading Comprehension, Semantics, Phonological Awareness
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Muijselaar, Marloes M. L.; Swart, Nicole M.; Steenbeek-Planting, Esther G.; Droop, Mienke; Verhoeven, Ludo; de Jong, Peter F. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2017
Many recent studies have aimed to demonstrate that specific types of reading comprehension depend on different underlying cognitive abilities. In these studies, it is often implicitly assumed that reading comprehension is a multidimensional construct. The general aim of this study was to examine the dimensionality of a large pool of reading…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Foreign Countries, Grade 4, Elementary School Students
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Bailey, Drew H.; Hansen, Nicole; Jordan, Nancy C. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2017
The importance of fraction knowledge to later mathematics achievement, along with U.S. students' poor knowledge of fraction concepts and procedures, has prompted research on the development of fraction learning. In the present study, participants' (N = 536) development of fraction magnitude understanding and fraction arithmetic skills was assessed…
Descriptors: Fractions, Arithmetic, Mathematics Achievement, Elementary School Mathematics
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Silverman, Rebecca; Kim, Young-Suk; Hartranft, Anna; Nunn, Stephanie; McNeish, Daniel – Journal of Educational Research, 2017
Reading buddies programs, which pair older and younger students to read books together on a regular basis, are common in many U.S. elementary schools. Yet, the research base on these programs is limited. Therefore, we conducted a quasiexperimental study of a reading buddies program targeting vocabulary and comprehension. The program we studied…
Descriptors: Multimedia Instruction, Reading Instruction, Reading Programs, Kindergarten
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Morris, Darrell; Meyer, Carla; Trathen, Woodrow; McGee, Jennifer; Vines, Nora; Stewart, Trevor; Gill, Tom; Schlagal, Robert – Reading & Writing Quarterly, 2017
This study explored print-processing and vocabulary differences among a group of 5th- and 6th-grade students who had scored below the 50th percentile on a standardized reading test. Guided by the simple view of reading, we applied cut scores (low/high) to the students' performance on print-processing and vocabulary tasks. The design allowed for…
Descriptors: Reading Difficulties, Grade 5, Grade 6, Reading Tests
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Potocki, Anna; Sanchez, Monique; Ecalle, Jean; Magnan, Annie – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2017
This article presents two studies investigating the role of executive functioning in written text comprehension in children and adolescents. In a first study, the involvement of executive functions in reading comprehension performance was examined in normally developing children in fifth grade. Two aspects of text comprehension were…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Children, Adolescents, Reading Difficulties
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Swart, Nicole M.; Muijselaar, Marloes M. L.; Steenbeek-Planting, Esther G.; Droop, Mienke; de Jong, Peter F.; Verhoeven, L. – Reading and Writing: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 2017
The mental lexicon plays a central role in reading comprehension (Perfetti & Stafura, 2014). It encompasses the number of lexical entries in spoken and written language (vocabulary breadth), the semantic quality of these entries (vocabulary depth), and the connection strength between lexical representations (semantic relatedness); as such, it…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Grade 4, Predictor Variables, Semantics
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Kearns, Devin M.; Rogers, H. Jane; Koriakin, Taylor; Al Ghanem, Reem – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2016
This study addresses whether reading involves a process termed semantic and phonological ability to adjust recoding (SPAAR). It was hypothesized that SPAAR helps readers link inaccurate pronunciations to lexical entries (e.g., "spynitch" to "spinach"). Psychometric properties of the Mispronunciation Correction Task (MCT), a…
Descriptors: Semantics, Phonology, Reading Skills, Cognitive Processes
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Ye, Ai; Hansen, Nicole; Resnick, Ilyse; Carrique, Jessica; Jordan, Nancy – Society for Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2016
The purpose of the present study was to reveal the developmental pathway from third grade cognitive competencies to sixth grade conceptual and procedural fraction knowledge through the intervening whole numerical skills at fifth grade. The study used empirical data that come from 536 students in nine schools across two Delaware public school…
Descriptors: Fractions, Number Concepts, Mathematics Skills, Numeracy
Costa, Lara-Jeane C.; Edwards, Crystal N.; Hooper, Stephen R. – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2016
This longitudinal study was conducted to determine (a) the rate of co-occurrence of reading disabilities (RDs) in a writing disability (WD) population of students followed from first grade to fourth grade and (b) the cognitive burden that is assumed by having a WD and a RD (WD + RD). The sample included 137 first-grade students from a single…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Writing Difficulties, Reading Difficulties, Multiple Disabilities
Jordan, Nancy C.; Resnick, Ilyse; Rodrigues, Jessica; Hansen, Nicole; Dyson, Nancy – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2017
The goal of the present article is to synthesize findings to date from the Delaware Longitudinal Study of Fraction Learning. The study followed a large cohort of children (N = 536) between Grades 3 and 6. The findings showed that many students, especially those with diagnosed learning disabilities, made minimal growth in fraction knowledge and…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Fractions, Longitudinal Studies, Learning Disabilities
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