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ERIC Number: EJ1201637
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2019
Pages: 19
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: EISSN-2289-2990
A Study of Digital Nativeness and Digital Productivity: Data from EFL and ESL Contexts
Bakla, Arif
Malaysian Online Journal of Educational Technology, v7 n1 p15-33 2019
It is often argued that current generations use digital technologies in different ways than older ones do. In response to the need for research on how younger generations use new technologies, this paper surveys identifiable patterns of technology use in EFL (English as a foreign language) and ESL (English as a second language) learners in daily and academic contexts, with a focus on digital productivity. To collect data, 97 EFL learners and 30 ESL learners were given a survey developed by the researcher. The survey was validated using verbal probing as a cognitive validation strategy. The data were analysed using SPSS 18.0 through descriptive statistics, Welch--Satterthwaite test and correlation coefficients. The results revealed that while access to technology is not a significant issue in both contexts. However, although ESL students are better at using technologies in daily life, they are no different from EFL students with respect to producing content for learning. The data also indicated that both EFL and ESL learners produced content using only well-established digital tools, and there is some individual variation within both cohort of students. The findings imply that it could be useful to introduce new technologies into educational context both at individual and instructional levels.
University of Malaya Faculty of Education. Kuala Lumpur 50603 Malaysia. e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Turkey; United States