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ERIC Number: EJ1228719
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2019
Abstractor: As Provided
Dewey Online: A Critical Examination of the Communities of Inquiry Approach to Online Discussions
Beckett, Kelvin S.
Philosophical Studies in Education, v50 p46-58 2019
Following the pioneering work of Randy Garrison and colleagues, online teachers in the US and internationally see their discussion boards as communities of inquiry (CoI) which promote sustained communication and higher-level learning. The CoI approach to online discussions is based on John Dewey's conception of education in which teachers and learners are participants in activities working towards a common goal. Teachers in CoI have three main roles: discussion design and organization, discourse facilitation, and direct instruction. Issues have arisen in research on CoI concerning the effectiveness of each role, of communities of inquiry themselves, and of online discussions generally in promoting sustained communication and higher-level learning. The author argues that there is a more fundamental issue at stake; namely, that as currently conceived and practiced, CoI are only loosely based on Dewey's analysis of the concept of education. Furthermore, he demonstrates with examples from his own research how "new modes of practice" based more firmly on Dewey's "new order of conceptions" can help CoI achieve their goals.
Descriptors: Communities of Practice, Educational Philosophy, Direct Instruction, Teaching Methods, Computer Mediated Communication, Online Courses, Educational History, Group Discussion, Distance Education, Constructivism (Learning), Laboratory Schools, Writing (Composition), College Faculty, Teacher Attitudes
Ohio Valley Philosophy of Education Society. Web site: http://ovpes.org/?page_id=51
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A