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Rentner, Diane Stark; Kober, Nancy; Braun, Matthew – Center on Education Policy, 2019
The Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) gives states more power than they had under previous federal law to determine which schools are low-performing and gives school districts greater latitude to decide on strategies to improve these schools. This report describes findings from the first phase of a project by the Center on Education Policy (CEP)…
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Educational Legislation, Federal Legislation, Program Implementation
Rentner, Diane Stark; Kober, Nancy; Frizzell, Matthew – Center on Education Policy, 2017
Based on a fall 2017 survey of officials from 45 state education agencies, this report highlights early state efforts to implement the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA). The report highlights states' views on ESSA's shift in control from the federal government to states and school districts regarding accountability and school improvement…
Descriptors: Educational Legislation, Federal Legislation, Program Implementation, Educational Planning
Rentner, Diane Stark; Frizzell, Matthew; Kober, Nancy; Ferguson, Maria – Center on Education Policy, 2017
In the spring of 2015, many states began administering new state assessments designed to measure students' mastery of the Common Core State Standards (CCSS) in mathematics and English language arts (ELA). This was the first wide-scale assessment of student mastery of the Common Core. For some states, it was also the first time that state math and…
Descriptors: School Districts, Common Core State Standards, Mastery Tests, Language Arts
Riddle, Wayne – Center on Education Policy, 2012
In September 2011, the Obama Administration initiated a program to grant states waivers of several significant requirements of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA), as amended by the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB). This initiative grew out of a concern that "in its implementation, No Child Left Behind had some serious flaws that…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Accountability, Elementary Secondary Education, Federal Legislation
Rentner, Diane Stark; Kober, Nancy – Center on Education Policy, 2012
The economic downturn of the past few years has taken a toll on state budgets for elementary and secondary education. The $100 billion for education provided by the American Reinvestment and Recovery Act (ARRA), better known as the economic stimulus package, helped to blunt some of the harshest effects, but these funds have been nearly depleted.…
Descriptors: State Surveys, Educational Change, State Agencies, Superintendents
Rentner, Diane Stark; Usher, Alexandra – Center on Education Policy, 2012
To blunt the effects of the economic downturn that began in 2008, President Obama called for, and on February 13, 2009 the Congress passed, the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA). This federal economic stimulus package had three primary goals: to save and create jobs, to cultivate economic activity and long-term growth, and to increase…
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Educational Finance, Disadvantaged Youth, Disabilities
Riddle, Wayne C. – Center on Education Policy, 2011
This background paper is intended to serve as a companion to the Center on Education Policy report, "Get the Federal Government Out of Education? That Wasn't the Founding Fathers' Vision." That report discusses the historical foundations and current purposes of the federal role in education. This paper goes into more detail about an issue…
Descriptors: Public Education, Elementary Secondary Education, Federal Government, Taxes
Usher, Alexandra – Center on Education Policy, 2011
Recently, much attention has focused on the number of schools in the nation failing to make adequate yearly progress (AYP) in raising student achievement under the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB). The Obama Administration has projected a dramatic increase in this number as 2014--the year when 100% of students are expected to score proficient on…
Descriptors: Public Schools, Test Results, Federal Legislation, Educational Improvement
Riddle, Wayne; Kober, Nancy – Center on Education Policy, 2011
When Congress reauthorizes the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (ESEA), much of the debate will undoubtedly focus on the accountability requirements added to Title I by the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB). Title I authorizes federal aid to school districts to educate low-achieving children in low-income areas. Among the most…
Descriptors: Public Schools, Federal Aid, Elementary Secondary Education, Federal Legislation
Kober, Nancy; Jennings, Jack; Peltason, Jody – Center on Education Policy, 2010
Two years ago, the Center on Education Policy (CEP), an independent nonprofit organization known for its comprehensive studies of No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) and related issues, began a research-based review of the federal role. As part of this process, the authors examined an extensive body of research from a wide range of sources. They also…
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Federal Legislation, Nonprofit Organizations, Federal Government
Cherian, Mathew – Center on Education Policy, 2009
This paper evaluates the effects of federal initiatives in educational technology in elementary and secondary education over the past half-century. While federal resources have been diluted across many programs, this paper focuses on the few initiatives in which the federal role was substantial and integral. The findings from this paper have…
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Distance Education, Educational Technology, Federal Government
Borman, Geoffrey D. – Center on Education Policy, 2009
Since the 1960s, there have been continuing federal efforts to bring reform to scale in high-poverty elementary and secondary schools across the U.S. This paper traces the evolution of these efforts and discusses their impacts on achievement outcomes. Drawing on evidence from meta-analyses of the Title I evaluation literature and the Comprehensive…
Descriptors: School Restructuring, Educational Change, Poverty Programs, Disadvantaged
Hodgkinson, Harold – Center on Education Policy, 2008
Over the years, the United States has evolved a system of local, state, and national/federal educational decision-making that, according to the author, makes a smooth, well-integrated system of policy development and implementation unachievable. However, certain things can be accomplished only at the federal level, including consistent data…
Descriptors: Poverty, Federal Government, Government Role, Educational Policy
Manna, Paul – Center on Education Policy, 2008
This paper aims to inform federal education policy by examining Title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA), the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), and two federal efforts to improve teacher quality, the Eisenhower Professional Development Program and the highly qualified teacher provisions of the No Child Left…
Descriptors: Teacher Effectiveness, Federal Aid, Elementary Secondary Education, Federal Legislation
Chudowsky, Naomi; Chudowsky, Victor; Kober, Nancy – Center on Education Policy, 2007
Since 2002, the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) has spurred far-reaching changes in elementary and secondary education, all aimed at accomplishing the same fundamental goal--to improve students' academic achievement. As the Congress prepares to reauthorize the Act, two related questions matter most: (1) Has student achievement in reading and…
Descriptors: Expertise, Evidence, Test Results, Elementary Secondary Education