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Autism: The International…59
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Showing 1 to 15 of 59 results Save | Export
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Rescorla, Leslie A.; Ghassabian, Akhgar; Ivanova, Masha Y.; Jaddoe, Vincent W. V.; Verhulst, Frank C.; Tiemeier, Henning – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2019
Although the Child Behavior Checklist 1½-5's 12-item "Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders"-Autism Spectrum Problems Scale (formerly called Pervasive Developmental Problems scale) has been used in several studies as an autism spectrum disorder screener, the base rate and stability of its items and its measurement model…
Descriptors: Child Behavior, Check Lists, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Maras, Katie; Gamble, Tim; Brosnan, Mark – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2019
Previous research suggests impaired metacognitive monitoring and mathematics under-achievement in autism spectrum disorder. Within educational settings, metacognitive monitoring is supported through the provision of feedback (e.g. with goal reminders and by explicitly correcting errors). Given the strength of the relationship between…
Descriptors: Metacognition, Mathematics Education, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Pathak, Manina; Bennett, Amanda; Shui, Amy M. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2019
Children with autism spectrum disorder have deficits in adaptive functioning. This study examines the adaptive behavior, its association with cognitive ability, gender, age, and symptom severity in children with autism spectrum disorder. Using data from Autism Treatment Network registry, the adaptive behavior profiles were examined in 2538…
Descriptors: Adjustment (to Environment), Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Child Behavior
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Kelly, Brian; Williams, Stefan; Collins, Sylvie; Mushtaq, Faisal; Mon-Williams, Mark; Wright, Barry; Mason, Dan; Wright, John – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2019
There has been recent interest in the relationship between socioeconomic status and the diagnosis of autism in children. Studies in the United States have found lower rates of autism diagnosis associated with lower socioeconomic status, while studies in other countries report no association, or the opposite. This article aims to contribute to the…
Descriptors: Socioeconomic Status, Autism, Clinical Diagnosis, Correlation
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Chetcuti, Lacey; Hudry, Kristelle; Grant, Megan; Vivanti, Giacomo – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2019
We examined the role of social motivation and motor execution factors in object-directed imitation difficulties in autism spectrum disorder. A series of to-be-imitated actions was presented to 35 children with autism spectrum disorder and 20 typically developing children on an Apple® iPad® by a "socially responsive" or "aloof"…
Descriptors: Imitation, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Children
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Fletcher-Watson, Sue; Larsen, Kenneth; Salomone, Erica – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2019
Engagement with stakeholders is an essential part of the research process. This is particularly the case for early autism research with infant cohorts and their families, where a range of ethical issues are pertinent. Here, we report on a large survey of parents who have a child on the autism spectrum (n = 1040) which specifically probed attitudes…
Descriptors: Parents, Parent Attitudes, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Kaartinen, Miia; Puura, Kaija; Pispa, Päivi; Helminen, Mika; Salmelin, Raili; Pelkonen, Erja; Juujärvi, Petri; Kessler, Esther B.; Skuse, David H. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2019
Cooperation is a fundamental human ability that seems to be inversely related to aggressive behaviour in typical development. However, there is no knowledge whether similar association holds for children with autism spectrum disorder. A total of 27 boys with autism spectrum disorder and their gender, age and total score intelligence matched…
Descriptors: Males, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Correlation
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Tchanturia, Kate; Adamson, James; Leppanen, Jenni; Westwood, Heather – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2019
Previous research has demonstrated links between anorexia nervosa and autism spectrum disorder however, few studies have examined the possible impact of symptoms of autism spectrum disorder on clinical outcomes in anorexia nervosa. The aim of this study was to examine the association between symptoms of autism spectrum disorder and eating…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Eating Disorders, Symptoms (Individual Disorders)
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Epstein, Amy; Whitehouse, Andrew; Williams, Katrina; Murphy, Nada; Leonard, Helen; Davis, Elise; Reddihough, Dinah; Downs, Jenny – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2019
Domains of quality of life in children with autism spectrum disorder have not previously been explored and there has been no quality of life measure developed for this population. Our study investigated parent observations to identify the domains important to children with autism spectrum disorder who also had an intellectual disability. In all,…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Quality of Life, Children
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Tilahun, Dejene; Fekadu, Abebaw; Tekola, Bethlehem; Araya, Mesfin; Roth, Ilona; Davey, Basiro; Hanlon, Charlotte; Hoekstra, Rosa A. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2019
There is a severe shortage of services for children with autism in Ethiopia; access to services is further impeded by negative beliefs and stigmatising attitudes towards affected children and their families. To increase access to services, care provision is decentralised through task-shifted care by community health extension workers. This study…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Autism, Access to Health Care, Training
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Suhaib, Fatima; Saeed, Asfia; Gul, Hashmat; Kaleem, Muhammad – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2019
Comparison of oral health status, dental needs and dietary habits of children with autism and their healthy siblings. In this cross-sectional study, oral hygiene measures, sugar consumption and dental examination of 58 Pakistani children with autism spectrum disorder were assessed and compared to 27 of their siblings without autism spectrum…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Dental Health, Children, Autism
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Munkhaugen, Ellen Kathrine; Torske, Tonje; Gjevik, Elen; Naerland, Terje; Pripp, Are Hugo; Diseth, Trond H. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2019
This study compared social, executive, emotional, and behavioral characteristics of students with autism spectrum disorder who did and did not display school refusal behavior. The participants were 62 students with autism spectrum disorder without intellectual disability aged 9-16 years attending inclusive schools. Parents first completed…
Descriptors: Individual Characteristics, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Comparative Analysis
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Keen, Deb; Adams, Dawn; Simpson, Kate; den Houting, Jacquiline; Roberts, Jacqueline – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2019
Anxiety symptomatology is frequently reported in autistic children, and the prevalence of anxiety disorder is estimated at around 40%. However, most studies have focused upon children of age 8 years or above, so little is known about early signs of anxiety in younger children with autism. This study sought to describe anxiety-related…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Anxiety, Symptoms (Individual Disorders)
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Nah, Yong-Hwee; Young, Robyn L.; Brewer, Neil – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2019
While autism spectrum disorder screening tools provide a useful resource for practitioners, the reality is they are underused. The justifications often provided include the time required for administration and the training involved. A brief tool with good psychometric properties that require minimal training is required. This study examined the…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Diagnostic Tests, Screening Tests
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Crane, Laura; Adams, Fern; Harper, Georgia; Welch, Jack; Pellicano, Elizabeth – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2019
There is a high incidence and prevalence of mental health problems among young people, with several barriers to help-seeking noted in this group. High rates of mental health problems have also been reported in children and adults on the autism spectrum. Taken together, young autistic people may be a particularly vulnerable group when it comes to…
Descriptors: Mental Health, Young Adults, Autism, Foreign Countries
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