NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
Back to results
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
PDF on ERIC Download full text
ERIC Number: EJ1229446
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2019-Aug
Pages: 28
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: EISSN-1526-8659
Gender Differences in General Achievement in Mathematics: An International Study
Ghasemi, Ehsan; Burley, Hansel; Safadel, Parviz
New Waves-Educational Research and Development Journal, v22 n1 p27-54 Aug 2019
Women's underrepresentation in mathematics-related careers continues to concern policymakers, economists, and educators. This study addressed the issue by examining data from two international databases, namely IEA's "Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study 2015," and the World Economic Forum's "Global Gender Gap Report 2017." Using country as the unit for our observations and meta-analysis techniques, the question of gender mathematics differences was investigated using standardized mean difference comparisons and variance ratios. Fourth- and eighth-grade girls and boys were also compared in terms of the number of students who reached the advanced international benchmark. The findings mostly supported previous findings in the related literature; no statistically significant large differences were observed comparing the performance of girls and boys in mathematics achievement and the number of high achievers. Moreover, boys were found to have more variability in mathematics achievement than girls. This finding further isolates the potential cause of women's underrepresentation in mathematics-related careers as policies driven by implicit and explicit cultural biases.
Chinese American Educational Research and Development Association. e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Junior High Schools; Middle Schools; Secondary Education; Grade 4; Intermediate Grades; Grade 8; Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Bahrain; Iran; Jordan; South Korea; Kuwait; Morocco; Qatar; Saudi Arabia; United Arab Emirates; Turkey; Canada; Ireland; New Zealand; Norway; Slovenia; Sweden; Australia; Botswana; Chile; Taiwan (Taipei); Georgia Republic; Hong Kong; Hungary; Israel; Italy; Japan; Kazakhstan; Lebanon; Lithuania; Malaysia; Malta; Oman; Russia; Singapore; South Africa; Thailand; Egypt; United States; United Kingdom (England); Argentina
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study