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Smolík, Filip – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2019
Purpose: The study examined the effects of imageability and phonological neighborhood density on the acquisition of word production in Czech, controlling for part-of-speech class, word length, and word frequency. Phonological neighborhood density is of interest because previous research has not examined highly inflected languages such as Czech.…
Descriptors: Slavic Languages, Language Acquisition, Phonology, Children
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Longobardi, Emiddia; Spataro, Pietro; Pecora, Giulia; Bellagamba, Francesca – First Language, 2019
This cross-sectional study investigated the use of four verbal indices of social knowledge (personal pronouns, verb conjugations, people words and mental state language) and their concurrent relations in a sample of 287 Italian-speaking children between 18 and 36 months. Results showed that the production of all indices increased with age. Mental…
Descriptors: Italian, Native Language, Form Classes (Languages), Verbs
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Cunningham, Barbara Jane; Kwok, Elaine; Earle, Cindy; Oram Cardy, Janis – Child Language Teaching and Therapy, 2019
This study explored participation- and impairment-based outcomes for 24 late-to-talk toddlers (M age = 20.46 months, SD = 3.09, 62.5% male) whose parents participated in Target Word™, The Hanen Program® for Parents of Children who are Late Talkers in community clinics across Ontario. Parents completed the MacArthur-Bates Communicative Development…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Child Language, Delayed Speech, Language Impairments
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Morin-Lessard, Elizabeth; Poulin-Dubois, Diane; Segalowitz, Norman; Byers-Heinlein, Krista – Developmental Psychology, 2019
A talking face provides redundant cues on the mouth that might support language learning and highly salient social cues in the eyes. What drives children's looking toward the mouth versus eyes of a talking face? This study reports data from 292 children who viewed faces speaking English, French, and Russian. We investigated the impact of…
Descriptors: Infants, Young Children, Age Differences, Monolingualism
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Friend, Margaret; Smolak, Erin; Patrucco-Nanchen, Tamara; Poulin-Dubois, Diane; Zesiger, Pascal – Developmental Psychology, 2019
The present research extends recent work on the prediction of preschool language skills by exploring prediction from decontextualized vocabulary comprehension. Vocabulary comprehension was a stronger predictor than parent-reported production, yielding a quadrupling of variance accounted for relative to prior studies. Parallel studies (Studies 1…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Language Skills, Vocabulary, Comprehension