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Aro, Tuija; Eklund, Kenneth; Eloranta, Anna-Kaija; Närhi, Vesa; Korhonen, Elisa; Ahonen, Timo – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2019
We studied the impact of diverse subtypes of learning disabilities (LD) on adult-age mental health, education, and employment by comparing the LD group (n = 430) with a matched control group without a known history of LD (n = 2,149). The clinical archived data were merged with lifelong register data on sickness allowances/disability pensions…
Descriptors: Learning Disabilities, Adults, Mental Health, Educational Attainment
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Wagner, Katie; Chu, Junyi; Barner, David – Developmental Science, 2019
How do children acquire exact meanings for number words like three or forty-seven? In recent years, a lively debate has probed the cognitive systems that support learning, with some arguing that an evolutionarily ancient "approximate number system" drives early number word meanings, and others arguing that learning is supported chiefly…
Descriptors: Numbers, Number Concepts, Children, Semantics
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Piccolo, Luciane R.; Merz, Emily C.; Noble, Kimberly G. – Developmental Science, 2019
A positive school climate has been found to support mental and physical health, academic achievement and social adjustment among youth. However, links between school climate and brain structure have not been investigated to date. In this study, we investigated whether school climate was associated with executive function (EF) and brain structure…
Descriptors: Educational Environment, Correlation, Brain, Executive Function
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Hahn, Michael; Joechner, Ann-Kathrin; Roell, Judith; Schabus, Manuel; Heib, Dominik P. J.; Gruber, Georg; Peigneux, Philippe; Hoedlmoser, Kerstin – Developmental Science, 2019
Sleep spindles are related to sleep-dependent memory consolidation and general cognitive abilities. However, they undergo drastic maturational changes during adolescence. Here we used a longitudinal approach (across 7 years) to explore whether developmental changes in sleep spindle density can explain individual differences in sleep-dependent…
Descriptors: Sleep, Child Development, Memory, Cognitive Ability
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Broadbent, Hannah J.; Osborne, Tamsin; Mareschal, Denis; Kirkham, Natasha Z. – Developmental Science, 2019
Multisensory tools are commonly employed within educational settings (e.g. Carter & Stephenson, 2012), and there is a growing body of literature advocating the benefits of presenting children with multisensory information over unisensory cues for learning (Baker & Jordan, 2015; Jordan & Baker, 2011). This is even the case when the…
Descriptors: Multisensory Learning, Teaching Methods, Cues, Retention (Psychology)
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Arciuli, Joanne; Bailey, Benjamin – Journal of Child Language, 2019
In this exploratory study, we examined stress contrastivity within real word productions elicited via picture naming in 20 children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and 20 typical peers group-wise matched on age and vocabulary. Targets had a dominant pattern of lexical stress beginning with a strong-weak pattern (SW: 'caterpillar',…
Descriptors: Children, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Suprasegmentals
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Zemp, Martina; Johnson, Matthew D.; Bodenmann, Guy – Developmental Psychology, 2019
Parental conflict is a well-established predictor of child maladjustment. Most research, however, has not considered how the couple's positivity-negativity interaction ratio (i.e., the ability to compensate for negative behaviors with positive) may be linked with child adjustment. We examined interparental positivity-negativity interaction ratios…
Descriptors: Adjustment (to Environment), Children, Behavior Problems, Child Behavior
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Hintsanen, Mirka; Gluschkoff, Kia; Dobewall, Henrik; Cloninger, C. Robert; Keltner, Dacher; Saarinen, Aino; Wesolowska, Karolina; Volanen, Salla-Maarit; Raitakari, Olli T.; Pulkki-Råback, Laura – Developmental Psychology, 2019
Compassion is known to predict prosocial behavior and moral judgments related to harm. Despite the centrality of compassion to social life, factors predicting adulthood compassion are largely unknown. We examined whether qualities of parent-child-relationship, namely, emotional warmth and acceptance, predict offspring compassion decades later in…
Descriptors: Altruism, Prosocial Behavior, Moral Values, Adults
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Hanrahan, Stephanie; Rynne, Steven; Beckman, Emma; Rossi, Tony – European Physical Education Review, 2019
In its contemporary form, sport for development has been positioned as an important part of strategic policy for a variety of governmental and sporting organisations. One area that has been targeted by governments and a variety of sporting partners has been the impact of sport on non-communicable diseases (NCDs, sometimes colloquially referred to…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Physical Activity Level, Athletics, Child Behavior
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Papp, Lauren M.; Hartley, Sigan L. – Developmental Psychology, 2019
Parents of 5- to 12-year-old children (half had been diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder [ASD] and half were typically developing) provided reports of the most significant marital conflict of the day and ratings of child behaviors problems on a daily basis for 14 days. Mothers and fathers in the ASD group reported having more conflicts in…
Descriptors: Marital Satisfaction, Conflict, Parents, Children
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Diesendruck, Gil; Chiang, Wen-Chi; Ferera, Matar; Benozio, Avi – Developmental Psychology, 2019
Adults value scarce objects, such as rare precious stones and limited edition items. This valuation may derive from an understanding of market forces and sociological considerations, but it may also be related to more basic cognitive and motivational processes. The present studies addressed these possibilities by investigating the development and…
Descriptors: Cultural Differences, Preferences, Children, Foreign Countries
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Fujisawa, Keiko K.; Todo, Naoya; Ando, Juko – Developmental Psychology, 2019
Identifying the cognitive capacities associated with the development of school readiness is indispensable to support children's successful school transition. It has been shown that executive function (EF) in preschoolers is associated with both concurrent preacademic and subsequent academic skills. However, most research has controlled for the…
Descriptors: Cognitive Ability, Executive Function, Preschool Children, Genetics
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Riggs, Anne E. – Developmental Psychology, 2019
To acquire social conventional knowledge, children must distinguish between behaviors that are practiced by groups of people versus those that are practiced by individuals. How do children infer the scope (i.e., level of generality) of social behavior? Prior work has addressed this question by focusing on the cues or instruction that adults…
Descriptors: Inferences, Social Behavior, Logical Thinking, Statistics
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Kraft, Erin; Leblanc, Raymond; Culver, Diane M. – Journal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance, 2019
With the increase in the identification of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in children, there is a need for teachers and coaches to have a tool box of effective strategies to facilitate physical activities for their students with ASD. Physical activity has been shown to provide numerous benefits, such as improved resilience and enhanced positive…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Children, Aquatic Sports
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Lieberman, Lauren J.; Lepore, Monica; Lepore-Stevens, Maria; Ball, Lindsay – Journal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance, 2019
There are over 61,000 school-age children with visual impairments in public schools today. Research has shown that they are often behind their peers in physical activity participation and in motor skills. In order for children with visual impairments to become physically active and self-determined adults, they must be provided the same…
Descriptors: Physical Education, Children, Blindness, Visual Impairments
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