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ERIC Number: EJ1211230
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2019-May
Pages: 9
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1360-2322
Effectiveness of a Visual-Verbal Integration Model in Training Parents and Their Preschool Children with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities to Dispense a Pea-Sized Amount of Fluoridated Toothpaste
Zhou, Ni; Wong, Hai Ming; McGrath, Colman
Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, v32 n3 p657-665 May 2019
Background: A visual-verbal integration model (VVIM) was used to train parents and their children with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) to dispense a pea-sized amount of fluoridated toothpaste, aiming to balance the occurrence of dental caries and fluorosis. Method: Participants were 370 pairs of IDD preschool children and their parents. A two-phase pre-post-intervention study was performed. The weight of toothpaste was calculated by a portable electronic compact balance. Results: A quarter of parents and <20% children dispensed the appropriate amount at baseline. Almost 85% parents and 50% children achieved the pea-sized amount after intervention. Half of the children continued to use the recommended toothpaste amount after 6 months. Children with higher intellectual functioning and conceptual skills were more likely to dispense the pea-sized amount of toothpaste. Conclusions: Visual-verbal integration model training had a desired impact on parents' toothpaste-dispensing performance. Children with higher adaptive skills may benefit from VVIM training.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A