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Sandjojo, Janice; Zedlitz, Aglaia M. E. E.; Gebhardt, Winifred A.; Hoekman, Joop; den Haan, Jeanet A.; Evers, Andrea W. M. – Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 2019
Background: To help people with intellectual disabilities lead a more independent life, it is important to promote their self-management. This study evaluated the effectiveness of a self-management training for people with intellectual disabilities directed at independent functioning in daily life. Method: In the training, 17 people with…
Descriptors: Intellectual Disability, Self Management, Daily Living Skills, Quality of Life
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Pan, Xinyu; Totsika, Vasiliki; Nicholls, Gemma; Paris, Andreas – Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 2019
Background: Adaptive skills measures tend to be lengthy. The GO4KIDDS (Great Outcomes for Kids Impacted by Severe Developmental Disabilities; (Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 58, 2015 and 594)) Brief Adaptive Behaviour Scale was developed to provide a brief assessment of adaptive skills. Our study aimed to examine the…
Descriptors: Developmental Disabilities, Test Validity, Test Reliability, Psychometrics
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Giesbers, Sanne A. H.; Hendriks, Lex; Jahoda, Andrew; Hastings, Richard P.; Embregts, Petri J. C. M. – Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 2019
Background: To enhance social inclusion of people with intellectual disability, policy is aimed at increasing informal support networks. Nevertheless, staff continue to play a vital role in their support networks. Method: Six individuals with mild intellectual disability, living in community-based settings, were interviewed following a…
Descriptors: Staff Role, Mild Intellectual Disability, Interpersonal Relationship, Friendship
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Finlayson, Janet; De Amicis, Leyla; Gallacher, Stephen; Munro, Robin; Crockett, Jennifer; Godwin, Jon; Feeney, Wendy; Skelton, Dawn A. – Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 2019
Background: People with intellectual disabilities are a high risk population for developing osteoporosis and fragility fractures, yet they experience barriers to accessing dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) bone mineral density (BMD) screening and fracture assessment. Reasonable adjustments are a statutory requirement in the UK, but there is a…
Descriptors: Adults, Intellectual Disability, Human Body, Barriers
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Kuijper, Gerda M.; Hoekstra, Pieter J. – Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 2019
Background: Results of discontinuation of antipsychotics in people with intellectual disability are variable and may depend on staff factors. Method: We attempted to taper off antipsychotics in 14 weeks after which participants were free to restart. We investigated the influence of support professionals' feelings towards challenging behaviour,…
Descriptors: Intellectual Disability, Drug Therapy, Behavior Problems, Depression (Psychology)
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Arias, Víctor B.; Arias, Benito; Burns, G. Leonard; Servera, Mateu – Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 2019
Background: Although attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is considered a valid diagnosis for children with intellectual disability, no studies have evaluated the invariance of ADHD symptom ratings across children with and without intellectual disability. Method: Parents completed ratings on the ADHD symptoms for 189 children with…
Descriptors: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Intellectual Disability, Children, Symptoms (Individual Disorders)
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Janeslätt, Gunnel; Larsson, Margareta; Wickström, Maria; Springer, Lydia; Höglund, Berit – Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 2019
Background: There is limited knowledge about how young people with intellectual disability can be facilitated in their process of deciding about parenthood. This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility of an upcoming trial to evaluate an intervention using the Toolkit "Children--what does it involve?" and the "Real-Care-Baby"…
Descriptors: Intellectual Disability, Intervention, Child Rearing, Program Effectiveness
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Cortés-Amador, Sara; Carrasco, Juan J.; Sempere-Rubio, Núria; Igual-Camacho, Celedonia; Villaplana-Torres, Luis A.; Pérez-Alenda, Sofía – Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 2019
Background: Balance alterations are one of the main problems in people with intellectual disabilities (ID), increasing their risk of falls and impacting their life. Aims: To describe a vestibular rehabilitation programme (VRP) and evaluate its effects on the ability to maintain balance and risk of suffering a fall. Methods: Forty-seven adults with…
Descriptors: Physical Therapy, Adults, Intellectual Disability, Prevention
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Scott, Katie; Hatton, Chris; Knight, Rosie; Singer, Kevanne; Knowles, Dawn; Dagnan, Dave; Hastings, Richard P.; Appleton, Kim; Cooper, Sally-Ann; Melville, Craig; Jones, Rob; Williams, Chris; Jahoda, Andrew – Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 2019
Background: Clinicians recommend including carers or others in a supporting role in the therapy as an important adaptation of psychological therapies for people with intellectual disabilities. This nested qualitative study from a larger trial explored supporters' experiences of supporting people with intellectual disabilities receiving behavioural…
Descriptors: Intellectual Disability, Psychotherapy, Depression (Psychology), Self Help Programs
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Chadwick, Darren; Buell, Susan; Goldbart, Juliet – Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 2019
Communication assessment of people with profound intellectual and multiple disabilities (PIMD) has seldom been investigated. Here, we explore approaches and decision making in undertaking communication assessments in this group of people. A questionnaire was sent to UK practitioners. The questionnaire elicited information about assessment…
Descriptors: Severe Intellectual Disability, Multiple Disabilities, Communication Strategies, Speech Language Pathology
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Surley, Laura; Dagnan, Dave – Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 2019
Background: There is increasing evidence that cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) can be effective for people with intellectual disabilities. The aim of this review was to report the nature and frequency of adaptations reported in studies of CBT for people with intellectual disabilities. Method: This review updated and extended a previous review…
Descriptors: Behavior Modification, Cognitive Restructuring, Adults, Intellectual Disability
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Zhou, Ni; Wong, Hai Ming; McGrath, Colman – Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 2019
Background: A visual-verbal integration model (VVIM) was used to train parents and their children with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) to dispense a pea-sized amount of fluoridated toothpaste, aiming to balance the occurrence of dental caries and fluorosis. Method: Participants were 370 pairs of IDD preschool children and their…
Descriptors: Intellectual Disability, Intervention, Dental Health, Preschool Children
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Logeswaran, Sophini; Hollett, Megan; Zala, Sonia; Richardson, Lisa; Scior, Katrina – Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 2019
Background: A 2005 review by Beart, Hardy and Buchan, asking how people with intellectual disabilities view their social identities, has been widely cited, indicating this important topic needs an updated review. This review covers research on how people with intellectual disabilities view their ascribed label; to what extent they ascribe it to…
Descriptors: Intellectual Disability, Self Concept, Social Bias, Psychological Patterns
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Willems, Mariël; Waninge, Aly; de Jong, Johan; Hilgenkamp, Thessa I. M.; van der Schans, Cees P. – Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 2019
Background: Promotion of a healthy lifestyle for individuals with mild intellectual disabilities is important. However, the suitability of behaviour change techniques (BCTs) for these individuals is still unclear. Methods: A Delphi study was performed using the Coventry, Aberdeen & LOndon -- REfined (CALO-RE) taxonomy of BCTs (n = 40). Health…
Descriptors: Behavior Change, Health Promotion, Mild Intellectual Disability, Health Behavior
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Lee, Gloria K.; Shivers, Carolyn M. – Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 2019
Background: Although studies have examined quality of life (QOL) among family caregivers of individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), little is known about potential differences in QOL based on the age of the individual with ASD, particularly in relation to caregivers' needs, beliefs and coping mechanisms. Method: This study investigated…
Descriptors: Mental Health, Physical Health, Young Adults, Autism
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