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Unwin, Gemma; Willott, Sara; Hendrickson, Stacey; Stenfert Kroese, Biza – Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 2019
Background: Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) is recommended for post-traumatic stress disorder and emerging evidence indicates that it is effective for people with intellectual disabilities. However, acceptability from the perspectives of clients with intellectual disabilities, their therapists and other key people has not been…
Descriptors: Eye Movements, Intellectual Disability, Intervention, Adults
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Hamers, Pauline C. M.; Ool, Jans S.; Festen, Dederieke A. M.; Hendriksen, Jos G. M.; Bindels, Patrick J. E.; Hermans, Heidi – Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 2019
Background: Reliable and valid screening instruments for depression and anxiety are needed for adults with intellectual disabilities. Methods: Internal consistency (n = 198), inter-rater reliability (n = 41), test-retest reliability (n = 37) and criterion validity (n = 43) were studied in adults aged between 18 and 49 years. Internal consistency…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Test Validity, Test Reliability, Screening Tests
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Weterings, Stijn; Oppewal, Alyt; van Eeden, Florien M. M.; Hilgenkamp, Thessa I. M. – Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 2019
Background: Resistance training has beneficial effects on fitness levels, cardiovascular disease risk, risk of sarcopenia and on performing activities of daily living. The focus of this study is to design a total body resistance exercise set for adults with intellectual disabilities (RESID) with minimal equipment required and to test its…
Descriptors: Exercise, Training, Physical Fitness, Adults
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Okon, Marian; Henderson, Angela; Kinnear, Deborah; Cooper, Sally-Ann – Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 2019
Background: Following the global financial crisis in 2007/08, the UK implemented an austerity programme which may impact on services. Scotland comprises both densely populated urban conurbations and highly dispersed remote rural and island communities. Method: Expenditure data were extracted from Scottish Government statistics. Per capita…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Expenditures, Adults, Intellectual Disability
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Talman, Lena; Wilder, Jenny; Stier, Jonas; Gustafsson, Christine – Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 2019
Background: Participation is a central aspect of quality of life, and it is indicative of high-quality outcomes for people with intellectual disabilities. However, participation is difficult to achieve for adults with profound intellectual and multiple disabilities. Aim: To describe staff members' perceptions of what participation means for adults…
Descriptors: Severe Intellectual Disability, Multiple Disabilities, Adults, Participation
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Ouellette-Kuntz, Hélène; Martin, Lynn; Burke, Eilish; McCallion, Philip; McCarron, Mary; McGlinchey, Eimear; Sandberg, Magnus; Schoufour, Josje; Shooshtari, Shahin; Temple, Bev – Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 2019
Background: While higher rates and earlier onset of frailty have been reported among adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD), research on how best to support these individuals is lacking. Method: An international consultation relied on three consensus building methods--the Nominal Group Technique, an NIH consensus conference…
Descriptors: Intellectual Disability, Best Practices, Aging (Individuals), Safety
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Lee, Chung eun; Burke, Meghan M.; Arnold, Catherine K.; Owen, Aleksa – Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 2019
Background: Parents often face many barriers when taking care of their offspring with disabilities. In childhood, support needs vary with families of children with Down syndrome often reporting less caregiving challenges. However, it is unclear whether support needs vary in adulthood. This study compared parents of adults with Down syndrome (DS),…
Descriptors: Barriers, Down Syndrome, Adults, Autism
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Iacono, Teresa; Bould, Emma; Beadle-Brown, Julie; Bigby, Christine – Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 2019
Background: The aim was to explore the relationship between quality of active support and communication support for people in group homes with high and low support needs. Methods: Data from 182 service users, 20-81 years (mean = 40), 89 with high support needs, were observed to have either good (n = 142) or poor (n = 40) communication support.…
Descriptors: Adults, Needs, Communication Skills, Communication Problems
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Berlin Hallrup, Leena; Kumlien, Christine; Carlson, Elisabeth – Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 2019
Background: People with intellectual disabilities in staffed group homes often need lifelong support and dependency on others. Thereby, special demands are placed on staff and service managers to ensure opportunities for participation in everyday life. This study aims to explore how service managers promote participation in Swedish group homes for…
Descriptors: Intellectual Disability, Group Homes, Adults, Participation
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Hodges, Zoe; Northway, Ruth – Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 2019
Background: People with intellectual disabilities are at increased risk of abuse which may not always be responded to appropriately. This study therefore sought to explore how nurses and social workers make decisions when safeguarding adults with intellectual disabilities. Method: A situational analysis grounded theory study. Semi-structured…
Descriptors: Intellectual Disability, Violence, Safety, Nurses
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Finlayson, Janet; De Amicis, Leyla; Gallacher, Stephen; Munro, Robin; Crockett, Jennifer; Godwin, Jon; Feeney, Wendy; Skelton, Dawn A. – Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 2019
Background: People with intellectual disabilities are a high risk population for developing osteoporosis and fragility fractures, yet they experience barriers to accessing dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) bone mineral density (BMD) screening and fracture assessment. Reasonable adjustments are a statutory requirement in the UK, but there is a…
Descriptors: Adults, Intellectual Disability, Human Body, Barriers
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Cortés-Amador, Sara; Carrasco, Juan J.; Sempere-Rubio, Núria; Igual-Camacho, Celedonia; Villaplana-Torres, Luis A.; Pérez-Alenda, Sofía – Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 2019
Background: Balance alterations are one of the main problems in people with intellectual disabilities (ID), increasing their risk of falls and impacting their life. Aims: To describe a vestibular rehabilitation programme (VRP) and evaluate its effects on the ability to maintain balance and risk of suffering a fall. Methods: Forty-seven adults with…
Descriptors: Physical Therapy, Adults, Intellectual Disability, Prevention
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Chadwick, Darren; Buell, Susan; Goldbart, Juliet – Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 2019
Communication assessment of people with profound intellectual and multiple disabilities (PIMD) has seldom been investigated. Here, we explore approaches and decision making in undertaking communication assessments in this group of people. A questionnaire was sent to UK practitioners. The questionnaire elicited information about assessment…
Descriptors: Severe Intellectual Disability, Multiple Disabilities, Communication Strategies, Speech Language Pathology
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Surley, Laura; Dagnan, Dave – Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 2019
Background: There is increasing evidence that cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) can be effective for people with intellectual disabilities. The aim of this review was to report the nature and frequency of adaptations reported in studies of CBT for people with intellectual disabilities. Method: This review updated and extended a previous review…
Descriptors: Behavior Modification, Cognitive Restructuring, Adults, Intellectual Disability
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Edge, Daniel; Ewing, Louise – Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 2019
Background: Mental capacity assessments currently rely on subjective opinion. Researchers have yet to explore the association between key cognitive functions of rational decision making and mental capacity classifications for people with intellectual disabilities. Method: Sixty-three adults completed the Montreal Cognitive Assessment, which…
Descriptors: Predictive Validity, Adults, Intellectual Disability, Screening Tests
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