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Mitani, Hajime – Teachers College Record, 2019
Background/Context: The No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act was a performance-based accountability policy designed to motivate educators and administrators to change their behaviors and improve school and student outcomes. The simple logic behind this accountability policy was that they would change their behaviors to avoid sanctions. Many studies…
Descriptors: Principals, Labor Turnover, Educational Legislation, Federal Legislation
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Ruff, Ryan Richard – Education Policy Analysis Archives, 2019
Following the 1983 "A Nation at Risk" report and culminating in No Child Left Behind (NCLB), states designed and implemented accountability policies to evaluate student achievement. External assessments of these policies identified substantial variability in the level of stakes associated with each system. This paper presents a…
Descriptors: Educational Legislation, Federal Legislation, Accountability, Educational Policy
Hess, Frederick M.; McShane, Michael Q. – Phi Delta Kappan, 2019
Drawing upon their new edited volume of essays looking back on the school reforms of the Bush and Obama years, the authors explain just how few of those reforms went according to plan. Some of the unexpected outcomes were positive, they note, pointing to the improvement of school data systems and the bipartisan compromise that put an end to No…
Descriptors: Educational Change, Politics of Education, Public Opinion, Common Core State Standards
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Docheff, Dennis M.; Wright, Carly; Chase, Rachael – Strategies: A Journal for Physical and Sport Educators, 2019
SPEAK Out! Day is an annual event in which SHAPE America members converge in Washington, D.C. to meet with representatives and senators to discuss issues related to quality health and physical education. The purpose of this article is to describe SPEAK Out! Day and address a few of its practices and outcomes, as well as the enjoyment and benefits…
Descriptors: Physical Education, Educational Quality, Health Education, Federal Legislation
Effrem, Karen; Robbins, Jane – Pioneer Institute for Public Policy Research, 2019
This paper analyzes the history, current practice, and dangers associated with Social-Emotional Learning (SEL). With roots in American progressive education and particularly in the movements for Outcome-Based Education and Self-Esteem, SEL is now pushed onto state and local education systems by the federal government and even international…
Descriptors: Social Development, Emotional Development, Elementary Secondary Education, Student Characteristics
Pak, Katie; Desimone, Laura M. – Phi Delta Kappan, 2019
Under both No Child Left Behind and the Every Student Succeeds Act, school leaders have been mandated to employ data-driven decision-making (DDDM) to diagnose student needs, implement targeted supports, and design school improvements. However, district administrators tasked with developing principals' DDDM capacity face a tough road. The authors…
Descriptors: Principals, Decision Making, Capacity Building, Evidence Based Practice
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VanGronigen, Bryan A.; Meyers, Coby V. – Educational Policy, 2019
School turnaround--the rapid improvement of student achievement in low-performing schools--is increasingly a major topic of interest in K-12 public education. Federal legislation has left varying degrees of school improvement-related responsibilities up to states, and policy makers have divergent views about how to realize turnaround. We…
Descriptors: State Departments of Education, School Turnaround, Program Implementation, Educational Policy
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Gilmour, Allison F.; Fuchs, Douglas; Wehby, Joseph H. – Exceptional Children, 2019
Federal policies have aimed to improve access to grade-level curriculum for students with disabilities (SWD). Current conceptualizations of access posit that it is evidenced by students' academic outcomes. In a meta-analysis of 180 effect sizes from 23 studies, we examined access as outcomes by estimating the size of the gap in reading achievement…
Descriptors: Students with Disabilities, Achievement Gap, Reading Achievement, Accessibility (for Disabled)
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Barr, Christopher D.; Reutebuch, Colleen K.; Carlson, Coleen D.; Vaughn, Sharon; Francis, David J. – Journal of Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2019
Beginning in 2002, researchers developed, implemented, and evaluated the efficacy of an English reading intervention for first-grade English learners using multiple randomized control trials (RCTs). As a result of this efficacy work, researchers successfully competed for an IES Goal 4 effectiveness study using the same intervention. Unlike the…
Descriptors: Intervention, English Language Learners, Grade 1, Elementary School Students
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Clayton, Grant; Bingham, Andrea J.; Ecks, Gregory B. – Education Policy Analysis Archives, 2019
Testing and accountability measures have continued to expand since the passage of the No Child Left Behind Act in 2001. In addition to school and district accountability, student test scores increasingly formed the foundation of teacher performance metrics. State participation rates exceeded the 95% minimum prescribed by law despite increasing…
Descriptors: Accountability, Educational Change, Politics of Education, Educational Legislation
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Sykes, Gary; Martin, Kacy – Education Policy Analysis Archives, 2019
This study examined a sample of plans that states submitted to the U.S. Education Department in 2015, pursuant to requirements in the Elementary and Secondary Education Act Title I, Part A. Plans were aimed at redressing inequities in access to qualified teachers as this problem has emerged in states and districts across the country. A…
Descriptors: Equal Education, Teacher Distribution, Low Income Students, Educationally Disadvantaged
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Perry-Higgs, Jacqueline – Journal of Cases in Educational Leadership, 2019
This case focuses on a novice principal who advocates for a student who was assigned to the first grade for 3 consecutive years. As the instructional leader of the school, the novice principal is troubled by ethics and social justice issues involved to make the decision to assign the student to his age-appropriate grade. The student was placed in…
Descriptors: Student Needs, Educational Needs, Decision Making, School Districts
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Dougherty, Shaun M.; Weiner, Jennie M. – Educational Policy, 2019
Using data from Rhode Island, and deploying a fuzzy regression-discontinuity design, this study capitalizes on a natural experiment in which schools, in accordance with the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) waivers, were sorted into performance categories based on a continuous performance measure. The lowest performing schools were then mandated to…
Descriptors: Educational Legislation, Federal Legislation, School Effectiveness, School Turnaround
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Lehman, Paul R. – Contributions to Music Education, 2019
This article provides the author's thoughts concerning nine major events, reports, and pieces of legislation that have shaped American education over the past 65 years. It also lists several lessons he has learned from these efforts. In addition, a number of proposals are offered for achieving genuine reform in education, and for strengthening the…
Descriptors: Music Teachers, Music Education, Educational Change, Elementary Secondary Education
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Abraham, Stephanie; Wassell, Beth A.; Luet, Kathryn McGinn; Vitalone-Racarro, Nancy – Journal of Education Policy, 2019
This study is a critical discourse analysis of the New Jersey Opt-Out Movement. In 2015, and in response to the increasing standardization of US public school instruction, and over-use of high-stakes testing, NJ parents began to refuse to allow their children to take a key end-of-the year exam, the PARCC. We employ the concepts of master and…
Descriptors: Common Core State Standards, High Stakes Tests, Resistance (Psychology), Public Education
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