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Mason, Lucia; Zaccoletti, Sonia; Carretti, Barbara; Scrimin, Sara; Diakidoy, Irene-Anna N. – International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 2019
Text is the primary tool to learn disciplinary knowledge in school. Text-based learning is shaped by a complex interplay between the text and reader characteristics. This study examined the role of text structure and inhibition in conceptual learning about energy. Inhibition implies the ability to block dominant but inappropriate responses…
Descriptors: Inhibition, Energy, Scientific Concepts, Concept Formation
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Summers, Ryan; Wang, Shuai; Abd-El-Khalick, Fouad; Said, Ziad – International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 2019
Surveying is a common methodology in science education research, including cross-national and cross-cultural comparisons. The literature surrounding students' attitudes toward science, in particular, illustrates the prevalence of efforts to translate instruments with the eventual goal of comparing groups. This paper utilizes survey data from a…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Science Education, Elementary School Students, Secondary School Students
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Han, Moonhyun; Kim, Heui-baik – International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 2019
This study investigates how elementary students were able to construct a human respiratory system model and, in particular, how the process of reasoning contributed to their model through the use of analogy model activities. For this study, modeling activities that included the use of analogy models were designed and implemented. Over 4 class…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Models, Human Body, Logical Thinking