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Schroeder, Meadow; McKeough, Anne; Graham, Susan A.; Norris, Stephen P. – Research in Science & Technological Education, 2019
Background: Uncertainty is a crucial element of scientific knowledge growth. Students should have some understanding of how science knowledge is developed and why scientific conclusions are considered more or less certain than others. A component of the nature of science, it is considered an important aspect of science education and allows…
Descriptors: Student Attitudes, Scientific Principles, Grade 5, Grade 9
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Kaufman, Julia H.; Engberg, John; Hamilton, Laura S.; Yuan, Kun; Hill, Heather C. – Educational Assessment, 2019
High-quality measures of instructional practice are essential for research and evaluation of innovative instructional policies and programs. However, existing measures have generally proven inadequate because of cost and validity issues. This paper addresses two potential drawbacks of survey self-report measures: variation in teachers'…
Descriptors: Measurement Techniques, Vignettes, Teacher Surveys, Teacher Evaluation