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Hsieh, Ching-Ni; Wang, Yuan – Language Testing, 2019
This study investigated a range of fluency, grammar, vocabulary, and content features of young language students' speaking performances, using a discourse-analytic approach. In total, 179 test takers' responses to the speaking section of the "TOEFL Junior"® Comprehensive test were selected for analysis. Mixed-design ANOVAs were used to…
Descriptors: Oral Language, Second Language Learning, Language Fluency, Grammar
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Payant, Caroline; Kim, YouJin – International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism, 2019
Despite a growing amount of research on collaborative dialogue during task performance, little attention has been given to the occurrence of collaborative dialogue across task modality and its impact on language development. To expand our current understanding of task modality effects on learning opportunities, we examined the process of engaging…
Descriptors: Task Analysis, Cooperative Learning, Second Language Learning, Multilingualism
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Gu, Lin; Hsieh, Ching-Ni – Language Assessment Quarterly, 2019
Examining spoken features across proficiency levels allows researchers to explore the nature of speaking proficiency as it develops. This line of research has thus far primarily focused on adult second language (L2) learners. Using cross-sectional data based on a large-scale language assessment intended for young L2 learners, in this study, we…
Descriptors: Oral Language, Speech Communication, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning