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Spada, Nina; Shiu, Julie Li-Ju; Tomita, Yasuyo – Language Learning, 2015
This study builds on research investigating the construct validity of elicited imitation (EI) as a measure of implicit second language (L2) grammatical knowledge. It differs from previous studies in that the EI task focuses on a single grammatical feature and time on task is strictly controlled. Seventy-three EFL learners and 20 native English…
Descriptors: Construct Validity, Task Analysis, Native Speakers, Second Language Learning
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Spada, Nina – Language Teaching, 2015
There has been considerable debate about the relevance and applicability of SLA theory and research for L2 pedagogy. There are those who maintain that SLA must be applicable to L2 pedagogy: a view based on the argument that because SLA is a subfield of applied linguistics, it should have direct relevance to L2 teaching. Others take the view that…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Linguistic Theory, Teaching Methods
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Spada, Nina; Jessop, Lorena; Tomita, Yasuyo; Suzuki, Wataru; Valeo, Antonella – Language Teaching Research, 2014
In this study we compared the effects of two types of form-focused instruction (FFI) on second language (L2) learning and their potential contributions to the development of different types of L2 knowledge. Both types of instruction were pre-emptive in nature, that is planned and teacher generated. In Integrated FFI attention to form was embedded…
Descriptors: Grammar, Second Language Instruction, Oral Language, Linguistic Theory
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Spada, Nina – Language Teaching, 2011
In 1997 I published a paper in Language Teaching entitled "Form-focused instruction and second language acquisition: A review of classroom and laboratory research". The paper reviewed the results of studies investigating the effects of form-focused instruction (FFI) on second language (L2) learning. It was organized around seven questions,…
Descriptors: Grammar, Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Teaching Methods
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Spada, Nina – Modern Language Journal, 2005
In this article, I explore some of the epistemological, technical, and ethical challenges in doing research on instructed second language (L2) learning in Canadian school settings. I examine these challenges from the viewpoint of classroom research that has been influenced by cognitive-interactionist theories of learning. This includes my own…
Descriptors: Researchers, Second Language Learning, Learning Theories, Language Laboratories
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Nicholas, Howard; Lightbown, Patsy M.; Spada, Nina – Language Learning, 2001
Reviews research on the effectiveness of recasts in first and second language acquisition, paying particular attention to how recasts have been defined and how their impact has been assessed in observational and experimental studies. Concludes that recasts appear to be most effective in contexts where it is clear to the learner that the recast is…
Descriptors: Error Correction, Feedback, Interlanguage, Language Acquisition
Lightbown, Patsy M.; Spada, Nina – 1994
This book is designed to help second and foreign language teachers understand how languages are learned. Chapter 1 examines several theories on how young children acquire their first language, including behaviorist, innatist, and interactionist models. Chapter 2 presents and analyzes several theories on second language (SL) learning. Chapter 3…
Descriptors: Cognitive Style, Elementary Secondary Education, Foreign Countries, Higher Education
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Lyster, Roy; Lightbown, Patsy M.; Spada, Nina – Canadian Modern Language Review, 1999
Response to criticism of oral grammar correction in second-language (L2) instruction which argues that while there are challenges and complexities in providing effective feedback, error correction should not be abandoned. Continued systematic, rigorous research to investigate whether different types of feedback are more effective, and to what…
Descriptors: Classroom Techniques, Error Correction, Grammar, Language Research
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Spada, Nina; Lyster, Roy – TESOL Quarterly, 1997
Describes the development and organization of the Colt (Communicative Orientation of Language Teaching) observation scheme and Lyster and Ranta's (1997) error treatment model, instruments including predetermined categories to describe features of instructional input and interaction in second language classrooms. Concludes that the choice of…
Descriptors: Classroom Observation Techniques, Course Objectives, Error Analysis (Language), Interaction Process Analysis
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Lightbown, Patsy M.; Spada, Nina – TESOL Quarterly, 1994
This article describes the context and conditions of English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) programs in Quebec's French-language schools and reports on several studies of the intensive ESL classes used in some elementary schools. Research on these programs demonstrates their effectiveness in fostering English language skills and positive attitudes…
Descriptors: Elementary Education, Elementary School Students, English (Second Language), Foreign Countries