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Lightbown, Patsy M.; Spada, Nina – 1994
This book is designed to help second and foreign language teachers understand how languages are learned. Chapter 1 examines several theories on how young children acquire their first language, including behaviorist, innatist, and interactionist models. Chapter 2 presents and analyzes several theories on second language (SL) learning. Chapter 3…
Descriptors: Cognitive Style, Elementary Secondary Education, Foreign Countries, Higher Education
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Lightbown, Patsy M.; Spada, Nina – TESOL Quarterly, 1994
This article describes the context and conditions of English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) programs in Quebec's French-language schools and reports on several studies of the intensive ESL classes used in some elementary schools. Research on these programs demonstrates their effectiveness in fostering English language skills and positive attitudes…
Descriptors: Elementary Education, Elementary School Students, English (Second Language), Foreign Countries
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Spada, Nina; Lightbown, Patsy M. – TESL Canada Journal, 1989
Reports on a study designed to investigate the second language development of francophone children in an experimental intensive English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) program in Quebec. Results indicated that subjects outperformed students in regular ESL programs on listening and reading comprehension tests and in oral fluency and had more positive…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, English (Second Language), Foreign Countries, French