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Ammar, Ahlem; Lightbown, Patsy M.; Spada, Nina – Language Awareness, 2010
This study is an investigation of the extent to which francophone learners of English as a second language (ESL) are aware of the differences between French and English question formation and how such awareness relates to their L2 performance. Three tasks were administered to 58 grades 5 and 6 francophone ESL learners. In a grammaticality…
Descriptors: Form Classes (Languages), Grade 5, Grade 6, French
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Spada, Nina; Lightbown, Patsy M. – TESOL Quarterly: A Journal for Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages and of Standard English as a Second Dialect, 2008
There is increasing consensus that form-focused instruction helps learners in communicative or content-based instruction to learn features of the target language that they may not acquire without guidance. The subject of this article is the role of instruction that is provided in separate (isolated) activities or within the context of…
Descriptors: Grammar, Cognitive Psychology, Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction
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Nicholas, Howard; Lightbown, Patsy M.; Spada, Nina – Language Learning, 2001
Reviews research on the effectiveness of recasts in first and second language acquisition, paying particular attention to how recasts have been defined and how their impact has been assessed in observational and experimental studies. Concludes that recasts appear to be most effective in contexts where it is clear to the learner that the recast is…
Descriptors: Error Correction, Feedback, Interlanguage, Language Acquisition
Lightbown, Patsy M.; Spada, Nina – 1994
This book is designed to help second and foreign language teachers understand how languages are learned. Chapter 1 examines several theories on how young children acquire their first language, including behaviorist, innatist, and interactionist models. Chapter 2 presents and analyzes several theories on second language (SL) learning. Chapter 3…
Descriptors: Cognitive Style, Elementary Secondary Education, Foreign Countries, Higher Education
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Spada, Nina; Lightbrown, Patsy M. – Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 1993
In a study of the oral performance of English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) learners, the accuracy and developmental progress of young francophone 10 and 12 year olds was investigated. Results support the hypothesis that form-focused instruction and corrective feedback provided in the context of communicative interaction can contribute to short- and…
Descriptors: Children, English (Second Language), Feedback, Foreign Countries