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Valeo, Antonella; Spada, Nina – TESOL Quarterly: A Journal for Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages and of Standard English as a Second Dialect, 2016
This study investigated the views of teachers and learners regarding the timing of grammatical instruction, conceptualized as a distinction between isolated and integrated form-focused instruction (FFI) proposed by Spada and Lightbown (2008). Both types of FFI are described as taking place in primarily meaning-based communicative classrooms. They…
Descriptors: Grammar, Teacher Attitudes, Student Attitudes, English (Second Language)
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Tragant, Elsa; Muñoz, Carmen; Spada, Nina – Canadian Modern Language Review, 2016
This study reports on a year-long intervention based on comprehension practice of input-rich materials. It was inspired by an innovative program in Canada in which primary school francophone children learned English as a second language (ESL) through simultaneous reading and listening. In our study the participants are a class of 10- to…
Descriptors: Intervention, Foreign Countries, Children, English (Second Language)
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Spada, Nina; Jessop, Lorena; Tomita, Yasuyo; Suzuki, Wataru; Valeo, Antonella – Language Teaching Research, 2014
In this study we compared the effects of two types of form-focused instruction (FFI) on second language (L2) learning and their potential contributions to the development of different types of L2 knowledge. Both types of instruction were pre-emptive in nature, that is planned and teacher generated. In Integrated FFI attention to form was embedded…
Descriptors: Grammar, Second Language Instruction, Oral Language, Linguistic Theory
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Ammar, Ahlem; Spada, Nina – Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 2006
This quasi-experimental study investigated the potential benefits of two corrective feedback techniques (recasts and prompts) for learners of different proficiency levels. Sixty-four students in three intact grade 6 intensive English as a second language classes in the Montreal area were assigned to the two experimental conditions--one received…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Feedback (Response), Prompting, Language Proficiency
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Spada, Nina – Modern Language Journal, 2005
In this article, I explore some of the epistemological, technical, and ethical challenges in doing research on instructed second language (L2) learning in Canadian school settings. I examine these challenges from the viewpoint of classroom research that has been influenced by cognitive-interactionist theories of learning. This includes my own…
Descriptors: Researchers, Second Language Learning, Learning Theories, Language Laboratories
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Germain, Claude; Lightbown, Patsy; Netten, Joan; Spada, Nina – Canadian Modern Language Review, 2004
This article provides a historical overview and comparison of intensive English (IE) and intensive French (IF) programs in Canada. Comparisons are made in terms of the total time allotted to the intensive period, the selection of students, the number and types of schools offering the programs, the models of delivery, and the type of pedagogy and…
Descriptors: Outcomes of Education, Foreign Countries, French, English (Second Language)
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Spada, Nina; Lightbown, Patsy M. – Language and Education, 2002
Observed primary and secondary classrooms in which students received instruction in their second language (L2), interviewed teachers about students' knowledge and use of the first language and second language, and examined the students' ability to understand and produce written and oral samples in their L2. Students were Inuits in Northern Quebec…
Descriptors: Canada Natives, Elementary Secondary Education, Eskimos, Foreign Countries
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Zahar, Rick; Cobb, Tom; Spada, Nina – Canadian Modern Language Review, 2001
Investigated the number of times a word must be encountered in order to be learned and the types of contexts that are conducive to learning in a vocabulary acquisition study with Quebec school-aged English-as-a-Second-Language learners at five levels of proficiency. Learners read text and were tested on new vocabulary and learned and unlearned…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Context Clues, English (Second Language), Foreign Countries
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Lightbown, Patsy M.; Spada, Nina – Language Awareness, 2000
Reports on a study that examined the extent to which learners can make explicit first language rules that appear to influence their second language performance. The learners were 11- and 12-year-old francophone students learning English in intensive communicative English-as-a-Second-Language classes in Quebec. (Author/VWL)
Descriptors: Communicative Competence (Languages), English (Second Language), Foreign Countries, French Canadians
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Sheen, Ron; Spada, Nina; Lightbown, Patsy – Modern Language Journal, 2000
Critiques a study on instruction, first language influence, and developmental readiness in second language acquisition. Agrees with conclusions of the study but argues that the study itself provided no justification for the conclusion other than what has been evident in research carried out on Quebec francophone school learners of English. The…
Descriptors: Contrastive Linguistics, Error Correction, Feedback, Foreign Countries
Lightbown, Patsy M.; Spada, Nina – 1994
This book is designed to help second and foreign language teachers understand how languages are learned. Chapter 1 examines several theories on how young children acquire their first language, including behaviorist, innatist, and interactionist models. Chapter 2 presents and analyzes several theories on second language (SL) learning. Chapter 3…
Descriptors: Cognitive Style, Elementary Secondary Education, Foreign Countries, Higher Education
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Spada, Nina; Lightbrown, Patsy M. – Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 1993
In a study of the oral performance of English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) learners, the accuracy and developmental progress of young francophone 10 and 12 year olds was investigated. Results support the hypothesis that form-focused instruction and corrective feedback provided in the context of communicative interaction can contribute to short- and…
Descriptors: Children, English (Second Language), Feedback, Foreign Countries
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Lightbown, Patsy M.; Spada, Nina – TESOL Quarterly, 1994
This article describes the context and conditions of English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) programs in Quebec's French-language schools and reports on several studies of the intensive ESL classes used in some elementary schools. Research on these programs demonstrates their effectiveness in fostering English language skills and positive attitudes…
Descriptors: Elementary Education, Elementary School Students, English (Second Language), Foreign Countries
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Lightbown, Patsy M.; Spada, Nina – Canadian Modern Language Review, 1991
A study compared the English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) performance of secondary school students who had participated in intensive ESL instruction in grade five or six and those following regular ESL instruction in elementary school. Students with early instruction maintained the English language superiority acquired during the program. (eight…
Descriptors: Age Differences, Comparative Analysis, Elementary Education, English (Second Language)
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Lightbown, Patsy M.; Spada, Nina – Canadian Modern Language Review, 1997
Describes a school in Quebec, in which students enrolled in an intensive English-as-a-Second-Language program (ESL) use English in a variety of communicative interactions inside and outside the ESL classroom. Assessment of students' performance indicates that they achieve higher levels of English than comparable students in other intensive ESL…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Elementary School Students, English (Second Language), Foreign Countries
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