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Nicholas, Howard; Lightbown, Patsy M.; Spada, Nina – Language Learning, 2001
Reviews research on the effectiveness of recasts in first and second language acquisition, paying particular attention to how recasts have been defined and how their impact has been assessed in observational and experimental studies. Concludes that recasts appear to be most effective in contexts where it is clear to the learner that the recast is…
Descriptors: Error Correction, Feedback, Interlanguage, Language Acquisition
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Spada, Nina; Lightbrown, Patsy M. – Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 1993
In a study of the oral performance of English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) learners, the accuracy and developmental progress of young francophone 10 and 12 year olds was investigated. Results support the hypothesis that form-focused instruction and corrective feedback provided in the context of communicative interaction can contribute to short- and…
Descriptors: Children, English (Second Language), Feedback, Foreign Countries
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Lightbown, Patsy M.; Spada, Nina – Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 1990
Investigation of the developing oral English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) skills of native French speaking elementary students in a five-month intensive ESL course found that teachers' use of form-focused instruction and corrective feedback influenced students' correct use of "-ing" structures and adjective-noun order. (47 references) (Author/CB)
Descriptors: Classroom Observation Techniques, Elementary Education, English (Second Language), Feedback