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Spada, Nina; Shiu, Julie Li-Ju; Tomita, Yasuyo – Language Learning, 2015
This study builds on research investigating the construct validity of elicited imitation (EI) as a measure of implicit second language (L2) grammatical knowledge. It differs from previous studies in that the EI task focuses on a single grammatical feature and time on task is strictly controlled. Seventy-three EFL learners and 20 native English…
Descriptors: Construct Validity, Task Analysis, Native Speakers, Second Language Learning
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Spada, Nina; Barkaoui, Khaled; Peters, Colette; So, Margaret; Valeo, Antonella – System: An International Journal of Educational Technology and Applied Linguistics, 2009
In this paper, we report on the process of developing and validating a questionnaire to explore second language learners' preferences for two types of form-focused instruction (FFI): isolated and integrated FFI. Three types of evidence regarding the validity of the questionnaire were collected: content, reliability and construct. Content validity…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Questionnaires, Content Validity, Construct Validity