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Yalçin, Sebnem; Spada, Nina – Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 2016
This study investigates the relationship between foreign language aptitude and the learning of two English structures defined as easy or difficult to learn. Using a quasiexperimental design, 66 secondary-level learners of English as a foreign language from three intact classes were provided with four hours of instruction on the "passive"…
Descriptors: English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Language Aptitude
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Valeo, Antonella; Spada, Nina – TESOL Quarterly: A Journal for Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages and of Standard English as a Second Dialect, 2016
This study investigated the views of teachers and learners regarding the timing of grammatical instruction, conceptualized as a distinction between isolated and integrated form-focused instruction (FFI) proposed by Spada and Lightbown (2008). Both types of FFI are described as taking place in primarily meaning-based communicative classrooms. They…
Descriptors: Grammar, Teacher Attitudes, Student Attitudes, English (Second Language)
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Tragant, Elsa; Muñoz, Carmen; Spada, Nina – Canadian Modern Language Review, 2016
This study reports on a year-long intervention based on comprehension practice of input-rich materials. It was inspired by an innovative program in Canada in which primary school francophone children learned English as a second language (ESL) through simultaneous reading and listening. In our study the participants are a class of 10- to…
Descriptors: Intervention, Foreign Countries, Children, English (Second Language)
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Spada, Nina; Shiu, Julie Li-Ju; Tomita, Yasuyo – Language Learning, 2015
This study builds on research investigating the construct validity of elicited imitation (EI) as a measure of implicit second language (L2) grammatical knowledge. It differs from previous studies in that the EI task focuses on a single grammatical feature and time on task is strictly controlled. Seventy-three EFL learners and 20 native English…
Descriptors: Construct Validity, Task Analysis, Native Speakers, Second Language Learning
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Spada, Nina; Jessop, Lorena; Tomita, Yasuyo; Suzuki, Wataru; Valeo, Antonella – Language Teaching Research, 2014
In this study we compared the effects of two types of form-focused instruction (FFI) on second language (L2) learning and their potential contributions to the development of different types of L2 knowledge. Both types of instruction were pre-emptive in nature, that is planned and teacher generated. In Integrated FFI attention to form was embedded…
Descriptors: Grammar, Second Language Instruction, Oral Language, Linguistic Theory
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Ammar, Ahlem; Lightbown, Patsy M.; Spada, Nina – Language Awareness, 2010
This study is an investigation of the extent to which francophone learners of English as a second language (ESL) are aware of the differences between French and English question formation and how such awareness relates to their L2 performance. Three tasks were administered to 58 grades 5 and 6 francophone ESL learners. In a grammaticality…
Descriptors: Form Classes (Languages), Grade 5, Grade 6, French
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Spada, Nina; Tomita, Yasuyo – Language Learning, 2010
A meta-analysis was conducted to investigate the effects of explicit and implicit instruction on the acquisition of simple and complex grammatical features in English. The target features in the 41 studies contributing to the meta-analysis were categorized as simple or complex based on the number of criteria applied to arrive at the correct target…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Effect Size, Meta Analysis, Grammar
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Spada, Nina; Lightbown, Patsy M. – TESOL Quarterly: A Journal for Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages and of Standard English as a Second Dialect, 2008
There is increasing consensus that form-focused instruction helps learners in communicative or content-based instruction to learn features of the target language that they may not acquire without guidance. The subject of this article is the role of instruction that is provided in separate (isolated) activities or within the context of…
Descriptors: Grammar, Cognitive Psychology, Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction
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Ammar, Ahlem; Spada, Nina – Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 2006
This quasi-experimental study investigated the potential benefits of two corrective feedback techniques (recasts and prompts) for learners of different proficiency levels. Sixty-four students in three intact grade 6 intensive English as a second language classes in the Montreal area were assigned to the two experimental conditions--one received…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Feedback (Response), Prompting, Language Proficiency
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Germain, Claude; Lightbown, Patsy; Netten, Joan; Spada, Nina – Canadian Modern Language Review, 2004
This article provides a historical overview and comparison of intensive English (IE) and intensive French (IF) programs in Canada. Comparisons are made in terms of the total time allotted to the intensive period, the selection of students, the number and types of schools offering the programs, the models of delivery, and the type of pedagogy and…
Descriptors: Outcomes of Education, Foreign Countries, French, English (Second Language)
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Zahar, Rick; Cobb, Tom; Spada, Nina – Canadian Modern Language Review, 2001
Investigated the number of times a word must be encountered in order to be learned and the types of contexts that are conducive to learning in a vocabulary acquisition study with Quebec school-aged English-as-a-Second-Language learners at five levels of proficiency. Learners read text and were tested on new vocabulary and learned and unlearned…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Context Clues, English (Second Language), Foreign Countries
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Lightbown, Patsy M.; Spada, Nina – Language Awareness, 2000
Reports on a study that examined the extent to which learners can make explicit first language rules that appear to influence their second language performance. The learners were 11- and 12-year-old francophone students learning English in intensive communicative English-as-a-Second-Language classes in Quebec. (Author/VWL)
Descriptors: Communicative Competence (Languages), English (Second Language), Foreign Countries, French Canadians
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Spada, Nina; Lightbrown, Patsy M. – Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 1993
In a study of the oral performance of English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) learners, the accuracy and developmental progress of young francophone 10 and 12 year olds was investigated. Results support the hypothesis that form-focused instruction and corrective feedback provided in the context of communicative interaction can contribute to short- and…
Descriptors: Children, English (Second Language), Feedback, Foreign Countries
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Lightbown, Patsy M.; Spada, Nina – Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 1990
Investigation of the developing oral English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) skills of native French speaking elementary students in a five-month intensive ESL course found that teachers' use of form-focused instruction and corrective feedback influenced students' correct use of "-ing" structures and adjective-noun order. (47 references) (Author/CB)
Descriptors: Classroom Observation Techniques, Elementary Education, English (Second Language), Feedback
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Lightbown, Patsy M.; Spada, Nina – TESOL Quarterly, 1994
This article describes the context and conditions of English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) programs in Quebec's French-language schools and reports on several studies of the intensive ESL classes used in some elementary schools. Research on these programs demonstrates their effectiveness in fostering English language skills and positive attitudes…
Descriptors: Elementary Education, Elementary School Students, English (Second Language), Foreign Countries
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