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Valeo, Antonella; Spada, Nina – TESOL Quarterly: A Journal for Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages and of Standard English as a Second Dialect, 2016
This study investigated the views of teachers and learners regarding the timing of grammatical instruction, conceptualized as a distinction between isolated and integrated form-focused instruction (FFI) proposed by Spada and Lightbown (2008). Both types of FFI are described as taking place in primarily meaning-based communicative classrooms. They…
Descriptors: Grammar, Teacher Attitudes, Student Attitudes, English (Second Language)
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Spada, Nina; Lightbown, Patsy M. – TESOL Quarterly: A Journal for Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages and of Standard English as a Second Dialect, 2008
There is increasing consensus that form-focused instruction helps learners in communicative or content-based instruction to learn features of the target language that they may not acquire without guidance. The subject of this article is the role of instruction that is provided in separate (isolated) activities or within the context of…
Descriptors: Grammar, Cognitive Psychology, Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction
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Lightbown, Patsy M.; Spada, Nina – Language Awareness, 2000
Reports on a study that examined the extent to which learners can make explicit first language rules that appear to influence their second language performance. The learners were 11- and 12-year-old francophone students learning English in intensive communicative English-as-a-Second-Language classes in Quebec. (Author/VWL)
Descriptors: Communicative Competence (Languages), English (Second Language), Foreign Countries, French Canadians
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Spada, Nina – Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 1986
Forty-eight adult learners from three intermediate-level ESL classes participated in a study investigating the effects that differences in learners' out-of-class contact with the second language might have on proficiency. Results indicated that learners' informal contact interacted with differences in instruction to produce variation in…
Descriptors: Adult Learning, Analysis of Covariance, Class Activities, Classroom Environment