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Yalçin, Sebnem; Spada, Nina – Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 2016
This study investigates the relationship between foreign language aptitude and the learning of two English structures defined as easy or difficult to learn. Using a quasiexperimental design, 66 secondary-level learners of English as a foreign language from three intact classes were provided with four hours of instruction on the "passive"…
Descriptors: English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Language Aptitude
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Valeo, Antonella; Spada, Nina – TESOL Quarterly: A Journal for Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages and of Standard English as a Second Dialect, 2016
This study investigated the views of teachers and learners regarding the timing of grammatical instruction, conceptualized as a distinction between isolated and integrated form-focused instruction (FFI) proposed by Spada and Lightbown (2008). Both types of FFI are described as taking place in primarily meaning-based communicative classrooms. They…
Descriptors: Grammar, Teacher Attitudes, Student Attitudes, English (Second Language)
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Tragant, Elsa; Muñoz, Carmen; Spada, Nina – Canadian Modern Language Review, 2016
This study reports on a year-long intervention based on comprehension practice of input-rich materials. It was inspired by an innovative program in Canada in which primary school francophone children learned English as a second language (ESL) through simultaneous reading and listening. In our study the participants are a class of 10- to…
Descriptors: Intervention, Foreign Countries, Children, English (Second Language)
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Spada, Nina; Shiu, Julie Li-Ju; Tomita, Yasuyo – Language Learning, 2015
This study builds on research investigating the construct validity of elicited imitation (EI) as a measure of implicit second language (L2) grammatical knowledge. It differs from previous studies in that the EI task focuses on a single grammatical feature and time on task is strictly controlled. Seventy-three EFL learners and 20 native English…
Descriptors: Construct Validity, Task Analysis, Native Speakers, Second Language Learning
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Spada, Nina – Language Teaching, 2015
There has been considerable debate about the relevance and applicability of SLA theory and research for L2 pedagogy. There are those who maintain that SLA must be applicable to L2 pedagogy: a view based on the argument that because SLA is a subfield of applied linguistics, it should have direct relevance to L2 teaching. Others take the view that…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Linguistic Theory, Teaching Methods
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Spada, Nina; Jessop, Lorena; Tomita, Yasuyo; Suzuki, Wataru; Valeo, Antonella – Language Teaching Research, 2014
In this study we compared the effects of two types of form-focused instruction (FFI) on second language (L2) learning and their potential contributions to the development of different types of L2 knowledge. Both types of instruction were pre-emptive in nature, that is planned and teacher generated. In Integrated FFI attention to form was embedded…
Descriptors: Grammar, Second Language Instruction, Oral Language, Linguistic Theory
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Spada, Nina – Language Teaching, 2011
In 1997 I published a paper in Language Teaching entitled "Form-focused instruction and second language acquisition: A review of classroom and laboratory research". The paper reviewed the results of studies investigating the effects of form-focused instruction (FFI) on second language (L2) learning. It was organized around seven questions,…
Descriptors: Grammar, Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Teaching Methods
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Ammar, Ahlem; Lightbown, Patsy M.; Spada, Nina – Language Awareness, 2010
This study is an investigation of the extent to which francophone learners of English as a second language (ESL) are aware of the differences between French and English question formation and how such awareness relates to their L2 performance. Three tasks were administered to 58 grades 5 and 6 francophone ESL learners. In a grammaticality…
Descriptors: Form Classes (Languages), Grade 5, Grade 6, French
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Spada, Nina; Tomita, Yasuyo – Language Learning, 2010
A meta-analysis was conducted to investigate the effects of explicit and implicit instruction on the acquisition of simple and complex grammatical features in English. The target features in the 41 studies contributing to the meta-analysis were categorized as simple or complex based on the number of criteria applied to arrive at the correct target…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Effect Size, Meta Analysis, Grammar