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Lyster, Roy; Lightbown, Patsy M.; Spada, Nina – Canadian Modern Language Review, 1999
Response to criticism of oral grammar correction in second-language (L2) instruction which argues that while there are challenges and complexities in providing effective feedback, error correction should not be abandoned. Continued systematic, rigorous research to investigate whether different types of feedback are more effective, and to what…
Descriptors: Classroom Techniques, Error Correction, Grammar, Language Research
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Spada, Nina; Lyster, Roy – TESOL Quarterly, 1997
Describes the development and organization of the Colt (Communicative Orientation of Language Teaching) observation scheme and Lyster and Ranta's (1997) error treatment model, instruments including predetermined categories to describe features of instructional input and interaction in second language classrooms. Concludes that the choice of…
Descriptors: Classroom Observation Techniques, Course Objectives, Error Analysis (Language), Interaction Process Analysis