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Strunk, Katharine O.; Cowen, Joshua M.; Goldhaber, Dan; Marianno, Bradley D.; Kilbride, Tara; Theobald, Roddy – Educational Policy, 2018
We examine more than 1,000 collective bargaining agreements (CBAs) in place across California, Michigan, and Washington. We investigate the prevalence of a set of 43 key provisions between and within these states, providing the first comprehensive comparison of CBA terms using data drawn from economically and demographically different districts,…
Descriptors: Unions, Teacher Associations, State Policy, Correlation
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Marianno, Bradley D.; Kilbride, Tara; Theobald, Roddy; Strunk, Katharine O.; Cowen, Joshua M.; Goldhaber, Dan – Educational Policy, 2018
There is considerable speculation and some empirical evidence that teacher collective bargaining agreements (CBAs) in urban school districts are more restrictive to district administrators than CBAs in other districts. We build on prior work by comparing urban with nonurban CBAs in three states--California, Michigan, and Washington--and, for a set…
Descriptors: Collective Bargaining, Negotiation Agreements, School Districts, Urban Schools
Strunk, Katharine O.; Cowen, Joshua; Goldhaber, Dan; Marianno, Bradley D.; Kilbride, Tara; Theobald, Roddy – National Center for Analysis of Longitudinal Data in Education Research (CALDER), 2018
In many school districts the policies that regulate personnel are governed by collective bargaining agreements (CBAs) negotiated between teachers' unions and school boards. While there is significant policy attention and, in some cases, legislative action that has affected the scope of these agreements, there is relatively little research that…
Descriptors: Collective Bargaining, State Legislation, School Districts, Institutional Characteristics
Darling-Hammond, Linda; Goldhaber, Dan; Strunk, Katherine O.; Sutcher, Leib – Policy Analysis for California Education, PACE, 2018
California is experiencing one of its most severe teacher shortages in two decades. Budget cuts and layoffs resulting from the recession contributed to a steep decline in the number of teachers in California, falling from a high of 310,362 teachers in the 2007-08 school year to 283,836 four years later. Recent efforts, including Proposition 30 and…
Descriptors: Teacher Supply and Demand, Teacher Shortage, Teacher Certification, Public School Teachers
Goldhaber, Dan; Strunk, Katherine O.; Brown, Nate; Chambers, Andrea; Naito, Natsumi; Wolff, Malcolm – Policy Analysis for California Education, PACE, 2018
California, like many states, is experiencing significant challenges with teacher staffing. Numerous headlines over the last few years highlight the difficulties that the state faces in developing, recruiting, and, ultimately, hiring enough teachers (Blume, 2016; Apodaca, 2017; Calefati, 2017; Carver-Thomas & Darling-Hammond, 2017; Times…
Descriptors: Teacher Supply and Demand, Teacher Shortage, Teacher Certification, Public School Teachers
Goldhaber, Dan; Walch, Joe – Phi Delta Kappan, 2016
Debates over the efficacy of tenure are longstanding but tenure reform is now more prominent in the public eye given recent high-profile legislative battles in states like Ohio and Wisconsin. This focus on tenure also is a natural outgrowth of the large body of research showing that differences between individual teachers can have profound effects…
Descriptors: Tenure, Personnel Management, Personnel Policy, Teacher Effectiveness