ERIC Number: EJ1113700
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016
Abstractor: As Provided
Inconvenient Truth? Do Collective Bargaining Agreements Help Explain the Mobility of Teachers within School Districts?
Goldhaber, Dan; Lavery, Lesley; Theobald, Roddy
Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, v35 n4 p848-880 Fall 2016
We utilize detailed teacher-level longitudinal data from Washington State to investigate patterns of teacher mobility in districts with different collective bargaining agreement (CBA) transfer provisions. Specifically, we estimate the log odds that teachers of varying experience and effectiveness levels transfer out of their schools to other schools in the district in Washington kindergarten through 12th grade (K-12) public schools. We find little consistent evidence relating voluntary transfer provisions in CBAs to patterns in teacher mobility, but do find evidence that patterns in within-district mobility by teacher experience and effectiveness vary between districts that do not use seniority in involuntary transfer decisions and those that use seniority as a tiebreaker or the only factor in these moves. In models that consider teacher experience, the interaction between teacher experience and school disadvantage in teacher transfer decisions is more extreme in districts with strong involuntary seniority transfer protections; novice teachers are even more likely to stay in disadvantaged schools, and veteran teachers are even more likely to leave disadvantaged schools. On the other hand, models that consider value-added measures of teacher effectiveness suggest that more effective teachers are less likely to leave disadvantaged schools in districts that do use seniority in involuntary transfer decisions, that is, seniority transfer provisions could actually make the distribution of output-based measures of quality more equitable. Taken together, these results suggest that seniority transfer provisions may have differential impacts on the distributions of teacher experience and effectiveness.
Descriptors: School Districts, Collective Bargaining, Longitudinal Studies, Faculty Mobility, Teacher Transfer, Data Analysis, Teacher Effectiveness, Teaching Experience, Elementary Secondary Education, Early Childhood Education, Tenure, Value Added Models, Disadvantaged Schools
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education; Early Childhood Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Washington