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Bloom, Dan; Miller, Cynthia – MDRC, 2018
Data from the U.S. Census Bureau indicate that in 2016 over four million young people in the United States were "disconnected," meaning they had not been enrolled in school in the previous three months and were not working. Although this number has fallen in the years since the Great Recession (which officially ended in 2009), as the…
Descriptors: Youth Programs, Employment Programs, Disadvantaged Youth, Program Evaluation
Millenky, Megan; Bloom, Dan; Muller-Ravett, Sara; Broadus, Joseph – MDRC, 2011
High school dropouts face an uphill battle in a labor market that increasingly rewards skills and postsecondary credentials: they are more likely than their peers to need public assistance, be arrested or incarcerated, and less likely to marry. This report presents results from a rigorous evaluation of the National Guard Youth ChalleNGe Program,…
Descriptors: Residential Programs, Youth Programs, Armed Forces, Dropouts
Millenky, Megan; Bloom, Dan; Muller-Ravett, Sara; Broadus, Joseph – MDRC, 2011
High school dropouts face an uphill battle in a labor market that increasingly rewards skills and postsecondary credentials: they are more likely than their peers to need public assistance, be arrested or incarcerated, and less likely to marry. This executive summary summarizes results from a rigorous evaluation of the National Guard Youth…
Descriptors: Residential Programs, Youth Programs, Armed Forces, Dropouts
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Bloom, Dan – Future of Children, 2010
Dan Bloom of MDRC examines policies and programs designed to help high school dropouts improve their educational attainment and labor market outcomes. So called "second-chance" programs, he says, have long provided some combination of education, training, employment, counseling, and social services. But the research record on their effectiveness…
Descriptors: Educational Attainment, Labor Market, Job Training, Young Adults
Redcross, Cindy; Bloom, Dan; Jacobs, Erin; Manno, Michelle; Muller-Ravett, Sara; Seefeldt, Kristin; Yahner, Jennifer; Young, Alford A., Jr.; Zweig, Janine – MDRC, 2010
More than 2 million people are incarcerated in the United States, and around 700,000 are released from prison each year. Those who are released face daunting obstacles as they seek to reenter their communities, and rates of recidivism are high. Many experts believe that stable employment is critical to a successful transition from prison to the…
Descriptors: Institutionalized Persons, Correctional Institutions, Reentry Workers, Transitional Programs
Redcross, Cindy; Bloom, Dan; Jacobs, Erin; Manno, Michelle; Muller-Ravett, Sara; Seefeldt, Kristin; Yahner, Jennifer; Young, Alford A., Jr.; Zweig, Janine – MDRC, 2010
More than 2 million people are incarcerated in the United States, and around 700,000 are released from prison each year. Those who are released face daunting obstacles as they seek to reenter their communities, and rates of recidivism are high. Many experts believe that stable employment is critical to a successful transition from prison to the…
Descriptors: Institutionalized Persons, Correctional Institutions, Reentry Workers, Transitional Programs
Bloom, Dan – MDRC, 2010
The budget for the U.S. Department of Labor for Fiscal Year 2010 includes a total of $45 million to support and study transitional jobs. This paper describes the origins of the transitional jobs models that are operating today, reviews the evidence on the effectiveness of this approach and other subsidized employment models, and offers some…
Descriptors: Employment Services, Welfare Services, Supported Employment, Employment Programs
Bloom, Dan; Gardenhire-Crooks, Alissa; Mandsager, Conrad – MDRC, 2009
The ChalleNGe model grew out of a project by the Center for Strategic and International Studies in the late 1980s and early 1990s that sought to develop new approaches for out-of-school youth. The project's final report concluded that aspects of the military structure could be beneficial for disadvantaged youth. The report also concluded that the…
Descriptors: Dropouts, High Schools, Youth Programs, Residential Programs
Bloom, Dan; Gardenhire-Crooks, Alissa; Mandsager, Conrad – MDRC, 2009
High school dropouts face daunting odds of success in a labor market that increasingly rewards education and skills. This report presents very early results from a rigorous, independent evaluation of the National Guard Youth ChalleNGe Program, an intensive residential program that aims to "reclaim the lives" of young people ages 16 to 18…
Descriptors: Dropouts, High Schools, Youth Programs, Residential Programs
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
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Richburg-Hayes, Lashawn; Visher, Mary G.; Bloom, Dan – Journal of Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2008
Many postsecondary institutions utilize learning communities to increase social engagement and attachment to the college community. In recent years, these communities have proliferated as part of a trend fueled by low retention and persistence rates, increasing reluctance of 4-year institutions to provide remedial education, and pressure on…
Descriptors: Community Colleges, Remedial Instruction, Communities of Practice, Academic Achievement
Scrivener, Susan; Hendra, Richard; Redcross, Cindy; Bloom, Dan; Michalopoulos, Charles; Walter, Johanna – 2002
An evaluation was conducted of Vermont's Welfare Restructuring Project (WRP), one of the earliest statewide welfare reform programs designed to increase work and reduce reliance on welfare. To assess the difference WRP made, parents applying for or receiving cash assistance in Vermont from July 1994 to December 1996 were assigned randomly to one…
Descriptors: Adult Education, Cost Effectiveness, Economically Disadvantaged, Eligibility
Sperber, Leslie; Bloom, Dan – 2002
Vermont's Welfare Restructuring Project (WRP), which was implemented in 1994-2001, required that single-parent welfare recipients who could not find wage-paying jobs after receiving cash assistance for 30 months accept work in subsidized, minimum-wage community service employment (CSE) positions to satisfy their work requirement and improve their…
Descriptors: Community Services, Employment Patterns, Employment Programs, Employment Qualifications
Bloom, Dan; Scrivener, Susan; Michalopoulos, Charles; Morris, Pamela; Hendra, Richard; Adams-Ciardullo, Diana; Walter, Johanna – 2002
Connecticut's Jobs First program was subjected to a rigorous, large-scale evaluation. During the evaluation, nearly 5,000 single-parent welfare applicants and recipients in 2 cities were randomly assigned to Jobs First or to the Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) group. Each group's progress was compared over a 4-year period. The…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Children, Comparative Analysis, Family Income
Bloom, Dan; Scrivener, Susan; Michalopoulos, Charles; Morris, Pamela; Hendra, Richard; Adams-Ciardullo, Diana; Walter, Johanna – 2002
An evaluation of Jobs First (JF) compared the experiences of JF participants who were subject to welfare reform policies with those of Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) participants who were subject to prior welfare rules. It collected information for four years about JF's impacts on participants' children and analyzed its financial…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Adult Education, Adults, Children
Bloom, Dan; Anderson, Jacquelyn; Wavelet, Melissa; Gardiner, Karen N.; Fishman, Michael E. – 2002
The Employment Retention and Advancement (ERA) project was undertaken to identify effective strategies for helping low-income parents work more steadily and advance in the labor market. The 15 ERA demonstration projects that were operating in nine states (California, Florida, Illinois, Minnesota, New York, Oregon, South Carolina; Tennessee, and…
Descriptors: Career Development, Career Ladders, Case Studies, Caseworker Approach
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