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Bhola, H. S. – International Journal of Lifelong Education, 2009
In outlining the framework offered at the UNESCO Regional Conference in support of Global Literacy (New Delhi, November 2007), it was pointed out that concepts of poverty, sustainable development and particularly of literacy and innovation have themselves been in continuous re-construction. An analysis of the context and condition for literacy…
Descriptors: Educational Strategies, Poverty, Illiteracy, Innovation
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Bhola, H. S. – International Review of Education, 2006
Poverty reduction is deeply implicated in structures of politics, economy, culture, and technology, from the global down to local levels. Irrespective of the particular political ideology of a nation and of the specific strategy of mobilization, adult and life-long education can and must play a significant role in reducing poverty, including…
Descriptors: Adult Education, Lifelong Learning, Poverty, Ideology
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Bhola, H. S. – International Journal of Lifelong Education, 2005
Poverty reduction today, at least in rhetoric, is a global priority; the essential role of education in poverty reduction is universally assumed. However, the dialectic between the concurrent and contradictory processes of 'poverty reduction' and 'poverty induction' is not well understood, and the historically rooted and globally entrenched larger…
Descriptors: Ideology, Lifelong Learning, Adult Education, Poverty
Bhola, H. S. – 1995
To achieve the intergenerational social reproduction of labor, all societies develop suitable institutional arrangements for the delivery of "Education and Training for Work" (ETW). Three programs together constitute the bulk of ETW initiatives in almost every country on the globe: functional literacy (FL), workplace literacy (WPL), and technical…
Descriptors: Adult Basic Education, Adult Literacy, Adult Vocational Education, Basic Skills
Bhola, H. S. – ASBAE Courier, 1991
Literacy is a social process. Each person constructs his or her own "literate identity" and each community constructs its own "literate culture." At times, this local and individual process is at odds with literacy development on a large scale, undertaken through social intervention. Such social intervention is counter-social in that by trying to…
Descriptors: Adult Basic Education, Intervention, Literacy, Literacy Education
Bhola, H. S. – 1994
This book, which is intended as a practical guide to functional literacy at the grassroots level, addresses a range of issues encountered by literacy workers when mobilizing, planning, teaching, supervising, and evaluating adult literacy programs. The following topics are discussed: adult literacy, literacy teachers, and literacy work; the many…
Descriptors: Adult Basic Education, Adult Educators, Adult Literacy, Adult Reading Programs
Bhola, H. S. – 1994
An expanded vision of evaluation is offered that accommodates the use of both descriptive information and evaluative information, and which connects evaluation in the naturalistic paradigm with evaluation in the rationalistic paradigm for making informed decisions within programs of education and development. The model of "Information Development…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Cooperation, Culture, Decision Making
Bhola, H. S. – 1990
Anecdotal evidence from literacy educators sometimes suggests that many people can do well despite being illiterate; however, this perspective ignores the essential theory of literacy. This theory rests on the premise that the most essential difference between human beings and other creatures is the human ability to make "symbolic…
Descriptors: Adult Basic Education, Adult Literacy, Decoding (Reading), Developing Nations
Bhola, H. S. – 1991
Orality and literacy are not antithetical, rather they exist in a complex symbiosis at the individual, family, and community levels. Such a symbiosis is inevitable and appears in all kinds of institutions, including economic, political, social, cultural, and educatonal institutions. Out of this relationship, "printspeak" has emerged. Printspeak is…
Descriptors: Adult Education, Interpersonal Communication, Language Role, Language Styles
Bhola, H. S. – 1991
Organizing adult education must be done within the context of development policy. Cultural filters should be used in considering theory and research knowledge. A sensitive use of cultural filters also applies to learning from practice. An assumption is that there should be interfacing and interlinking structures of primary education and adult…
Descriptors: Adult Education, Cultural Context, Delivery Systems, Economic Development
Bhola, H. S. – 1989
Available world statistics, however limited, indicate a trend toward the universalization of literacy, reason for cautious optimism. Deep commitments and bold action are necessary to eradicate illiteracy by the year 2000. Some important facts do not appear in statistical data, for example: (1) most literacy gains result from expansion of schooling…
Descriptors: Adult Basic Education, Adult Education, Adult Literacy, Developing Nations
Bhola, H. S. – 1990
Some of the trends and issues in worldwide adult literacy include the existence of the following: (1) an increasing percentage of literate people, perhaps resulting from more children's education rather than literacy initiatives for adults; (2) fuzzy definitions of literacy and inaccurate self-reported data; (3) a change in ideology, moving from…
Descriptors: Adult Basic Education, Adult Literacy, Developing Nations, Educational Attitudes
Bhola, H. S. – 1990
Program design in nonformal education must take into account the cultural context in which it exists. In developing countries, it can neither reject all values of Western civilization (an impossible task), nor can it embrace Western values without regard to native cultures. The challenge, especially in literacy education, is to become culturally…
Descriptors: Adult Basic Education, Adult Literacy, Cultural Context, Cultural Differences
Bhola, H. S. – 1989
Addressed to politicians and policy makers who allocate resources among competing programs of education and extension, practitioners who make day-to-day program decisions, and the scholarly community, this document on trends and issues in adult education around the globe consists of 14 chapters, each with notes and references. The purpose,…
Descriptors: Adult Education, Adult Educators, Comparative Education, Continuing Education
Bhola, H. S. – 1986
At the heart of the enterprise of providing reading materials to new readers is the writer. The writer must write before the new literates can read and must write both effectively and interestingly. Although talent helps, acquired skills play an important part in writing, especially in expository writing. More important, to enable them to produce…
Descriptors: Adult Basic Education, Beginning Reading, Developing Nations, Foreign Countries
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