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Kohli, Wendy – International Journal of Social Education, 1996
Argues that, through education, we can create a democratic culture and that, within a democratic culture, education may flourish. Locates the roots of this belief in the rebelliousness and critical mind set of the Enlightenment. Considers how to honor and extend this thinking in current educational practices. (MJP)
Descriptors: American Dream, Citizenship Education, Civics, Consciousness Raising
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Ross, E. Wayne – International Journal of Social Education, 1996
Maintains that the debate over the social studies curriculum has been heavily influenced by a small group of conservative foundations, academics, and the federal government. These groups work toward creating an ideological consensus that promotes a national identity and strives to preserve European American dominant culture. (MJP)
Descriptors: Academic Standards, Citizenship Education, Conservatism, Curriculum Development
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Mathison, Sandra – International Journal of Social Education, 1996
Illustrates how school evaluation can lead to substantive and genuine involvement of all stake holders (students, parents, teachers, the community, administrators, government, and funding agencies) in an effort to make judgments about what is right and good in schools. Includes a six-step process for evaluating school programs. (MJP)
Descriptors: Citizenship Education, Citizenship Responsibility, Critical Thinking, Democratic Values
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Giroux, Henry A. – International Journal of Social Education, 1996
Recounts the recent debate over family values, civic culture, and cinematic violence and considers the implications for educators. Uses this national debate as a case study to investigate efforts to exercise control over and limit the democratization of culture. Argues for an expanded notion of civic culture. (MJP)
Descriptors: American Dream, Citizenship Education, Civics, Cultural Images
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McDowell, Ceasar L. – International Journal of Social Education, 1996
Posits three interdependent languages that we use to make democracy work: (1) language of possibility; (2) language of critique; and (3) language of action. Argues for the creation and incorporation of a fourth, the language of transition. This allows for the exploration of spaces between the other three. (MJP)
Descriptors: Alienation, American Dream, Citizenship Education, Citizenship Responsibility
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Schlene, Vickie J. – International Journal of Social Education, 1996
Presents an annotated bibliography of educational resources from the ERIC database related to democratic education. The materials include digests, monographs, journal articles, and academic papers. The citations include all relevant bibliographic information and a short abstract, as well as, information on ordering and locating the materials. (MJP)
Descriptors: American Dream, Annotated Bibliographies, Citizenship Education, Citizenship Responsibility
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Eder, Elizabeth K. – International Journal of Social Education, 1995
Describes the International Center for the Study of Educational Policy and Human Values at the University of Maryland. Asserts that it has achieved its two original goals of assisting experienced leaders to integrate an intercultural dimension into programs and develop model intercultural programs and training materials. (CFR)
Descriptors: Curriculum Development, Educational Change, Educational History, Educational Resources
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Orwin, Clifford; Forbes, H. D. – International Journal of Social Education, 1994
Summarizes E. D. Hirsch's book, "Cultural Literacy," focusing on four separate arguments. Compares U.S. and Canadian education and society, particularly in relationship to multiculturalism and bilingualism. Concludes that Hirsch trivializes culture by presenting as no more than a common convention of effective national communication.…
Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Bilingualism, Cross Cultural Studies, Cultural Background
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Hallpike, Michael; Sworder, Roger – International Journal of Social Education, 1994
Presents a philosophical analysis of E. D. Hirsch's book, "Cultural Literacy." Concludes that Hirsch fails to acknowledge the problem of cultural transmission in a society where people have been conditioned to a mode of reception characterized by continual excitement and distraction. (CFR)
Descriptors: Cultural Awareness, Cultural Background, Cultural Traits, Educational Change
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Partington, Geoffrey – International Journal of Social Education, 1994
Maintains that E. D. Hirsch's book, "Cultural Literacy," is based on an anthropological rather than a normative view of societies and, therefore, does not claim that one society is more cultured than another. Concludes that historical understanding or other forms of cultural literacy requires wider criteria of significance than Hirsch…
Descriptors: Anthropology, Cultural Awareness, Cultural Traits, Democratic Values
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O'Keefe, Dennis – International Journal of Social Education, 1994
Discusses multiculturalism in its context as a form of intellectual and historical atonement and points out its internal contradictions. Argues that the Western culture is becoming global, or universal; and, therefore, there should be no school-enforced multiculturalism. (CFR)
Descriptors: Capitalism, Cultural Awareness, Cultural Differences, Economics
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Steinberg, Shirley R.; Kincheloe, Joe L. – International Journal of Social Education, 1996
Illustrates the ways that a cultural studies approach to teacher education can expand the vision of democracy and citizenship. Analyzes the development and subsequent breakdown of the economic foundations of 20th-century life and offers new understandings that can be used to inform a democratically aware teacher education program. (MJP)
Descriptors: American Dream, Capitalism, Citizenship Education, Citizenship Responsibility
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Dumas, Wayne; Dumas, Alesia; Lee, William B. – International Journal of Social Education, 1996
Discusses the contentious relationship between educators within the former East Germany and their West German cohorts following reunification. The problems have stemmed from conflicting ideologies and traditions (Marxist versus Christian Democrat and Social Democrat) as well as differences concerning school organization and educational objectives.…
Descriptors: Citizenship Education, Communism, Comparative Education, Democracy