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Gritzner, Charles F. – International Journal of Social Education, 1990
Explains interrelationships between geography and social studies. Highlights developments affecting school geography since 1980. Determines that geography's spatial perspective distinguishes it from other social sciences. Examines 10 presuppositions of geography education to reveal geography's scope, role, and relevance to social education.…
Descriptors: Citizenship Education, Curriculum Development, Curriculum Evaluation, Elementary Secondary Education
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Niemz, Gunter – International Journal of Social Education, 1996
Provides a concise overview of geography education in Germany from the 18th century to the present.Outlines concerns that include the incorporation of the old East German school system and employment problems for German youth. Tables summarize geography curricula throughout different periods. (MJP)
Descriptors: Curriculum Development, Educational Change, Educational History, Educational Objectives
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Montiel, Gloria Z. de – International Journal of Social Education, 1996
Considers the various educational philosophies governing geography instruction in Argentina and places them in historical perspective. Contrasts the positivist and historicist approaches and discusses the current curriculum. Includes summaries of proposed changes in the curriculum emphasizing social education. (MJP)
Descriptors: Curriculum Development, Educational Change, Educational History, Educational Objectives
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Bettis, Norman C. – International Journal of Social Education, 1996
Recognizes the leadership role played by professional and educational organizations, most notably the National Geographic Society (NGS), in promoting geography education. The NGS and other organizations established standards and guidelines concerning content and instruction. Includes brief descriptions of activities and their sponsoring…
Descriptors: Academic Standards, Curriculum Development, Educational Assessment, Educational Change
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Ya-nam, Zhang – International Journal of Social Education, 1996
Briefly explains the 10 standard objective statements that characterize geography curriculum reform in China. The standards reflect a rigorous and scientific orientation incorporating mathematics, physics, geology, and demographics. No social education component is present. (MJP)
Descriptors: Academic Standards, Conventional Instruction, Demography, Educational Assessment
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Schlene, Vickie J. – International Journal of Social Education, 1991
Provides a partial listing of works found in the ERIC database on the debate between those who support social studies as a discipline and those who would replace it with history and geography courses. Includes articles, reports, and reviews covering various aspects of the debate. (DK)
Descriptors: Course Content, Curriculum Development, Curriculum Evaluation, Elementary Secondary Education
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Schlene, Vickie J. – International Journal of Social Education, 1990
Selects and annotates 25 documents and articles on geography education from the ERIC database. Provides information about accessing and ordering materials. Items include surveys of geographic knowledge, suggested classroom activities, and discussion of geography's place in the social studies curriculum. (CH)
Descriptors: Annotated Bibliographies, Curriculum Development, Elementary Secondary Education, Environmental Education
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Davis, O. L., Jr. – International Journal of Social Education, 1993
Argues that dispute between history and social studies in the curriculum is not recent but goes back 75 years. Asserts the term "social studies" is not a separate discipline but simply an umbrella term to describe the broad field of social subjects offered in the school curriculum. Calls for an end to the dispute between history and…
Descriptors: Citizenship Education, Curriculum Development, Educational Change, Educational History
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Barth, James L. – International Journal of Social Education, 1993
Contends that citizenship education has become a political agenda rather than an educational concern. Argues that the national standards movement is fueled by opponents of multicultural education, global education, and an integrated social studies curriculum. (CFR)
Descriptors: Academic Standards, Citizenship Education, Curriculum Development, Decision Making
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Adler, Susan A.; And Others – International Journal of Social Education, 1993
Discusses the potential impact that the America 2000 reform effort might have on social studies and citizenship education. Argues that the preoccupation of America 2000 and the business community is short-sighted. Calls for social studies educators to recommit themselves. (CF)
Descriptors: Citizen Participation, Citizenship Education, Citizenship Responsibility, Critical Thinking
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Rawling, Eleanor M. – International Journal of Social Education, 1996
Discusses the 1991 adoption of geography national standards in England and Wales and the subsequent 1995 revisions. The original standards reflected a conservative emphasis on physical geography as well as a complete rejection of problem solving and critical thinking. The 1995 revisions restored some key ideas and broad emphases. (MJP)
Descriptors: Critical Thinking, Curriculum Development, Educational Change, Educational Objectives
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Nakayama, Shuichi – International Journal of Social Education, 1996
Summarizes the recent changes in the highly centralized national geography curriculum in Japan. Prominent reforms include the implementation of environmental studies in the elementary schools and a broader emphasis, across the curriculum, on world geography. In teacher education, emphasis is now placed on teaching skills rather than subject…
Descriptors: Curriculum Development, Educational Change, Educational Objectives, Educational Policy
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Lidstone, John; Wiber, Marilyn – International Journal of Social Education, 1996
Profiles the current geography curriculum in Australian schools and discusses the policy decisions that resulted in its implementation. Australian geography education features a prominent social education component that emphasizes development, the environment, and other social issues. Includes several tables listing national curriculum goals and…
Descriptors: Curriculum Development, Educational Change, Educational Objectives, Educational Policy
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Tait, Norman C. – International Journal of Social Education, 1996
Reviews the state of geography education in South Africa from the elementary grades through the university system (including teacher education programs). Discusses the challenges facing the current system including a changing physical geography (elimination of the homelands) and a radically restructured educational system (inclusion of nonwhites).…
Descriptors: Curriculum Development, Educational Change, Educational History, Educational Objectives
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Okpala, Julie – International Journal of Social Education, 1996
Examines the historical dimensions of school geography in Nigeria. Current reform suggestions include replacing geography education's theoretical orientation with more fieldwork and laboratory experience. Professional organizations could promote public awareness and increased funding. (MJP)
Descriptors: African Culture, Curriculum Development, Education Work Relationship, Educational Assessment
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