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Murnane, Richard J. – National Bureau of Economic Research, 2013
I survey the evidence on patterns in U.S. high school graduation rates over the period 1970-2010 and report the results of new research conducted to fill in holes in the evidence. I begin by pointing out the strengths and limitations of existing data sources. I then describe six striking patterns in graduation rates. They include stagnation over…
Descriptors: Dropouts, Evidence, High School Graduates, Graduation
Heckman, James J.; Humphries, John Eric; Mader, Nicholas S. – National Bureau of Economic Research, 2010
The General Educational Development (GED) credential is issued on the basis of an eight hour subject-based test. The test claims to establish equivalence between dropouts and traditional high school graduates, opening the door to college and positions in the labor market. In 2008 alone, almost 500,000 dropouts passed the test, amounting to 12% of…
Descriptors: Credentials, Testing Programs, Dropouts, Labor Market