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Nilsson Jobs, Elisabeth; Falck-Ytter, Terje; Bölte, Sven – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
Research on visual local and global perception in Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is incomplete in young children. We investigated 35 three-year-old siblings of children with ASD, either diagnosed (n = 12) or not diagnosed (n = 23) with ASD as well as 14 controls with typical development and with no family history of ASD. Data from the local tasks…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Young Children, Siblings
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Smith, Alastair D.; Kenny, Lorcan; Rudnicka, Anna; Briscoe, Josie; Pellicano, Elizabeth – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2016
Drawing tasks are frequently used to test competing theories of visuospatial skills in autism. Yet, methodological differences between studies have led to inconsistent findings. To distinguish between accounts based on local bias or global deficit, we present a simple task that has previously revealed dissociable local/global impairments in…
Descriptors: Bias, Children, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Taylor, Lauren J.; Maybery, Murray T.; Grayndler, Luke; Whitehouse, Andrew J. O. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2014
Findings that a subgroup of children with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have linguistic capabilities that resemble specific language impairment (SLI) have led some authors to hypothesise that ASD and SLI have a shared aetiology. While considerable research has explored overlap in the language phenotypes of the two conditions, little research…
Descriptors: Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autism, Language Impairments, Cognitive Ability
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Aljunied, Mariam; Frederickson, Norah – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2013
Central coherence refers to an in-built propensity to form meaningful links over a wide range of stimuli and to generalize over as wide a range of contexts as possible. In children with autism this ability is diminished, and the impact of central coherence deficits in children with autism have previously been observed using static measures of…
Descriptors: Autism, Children, Generalization, Cognitive Ability
Navarro, M. Susana – 1978
This study was designed to examine Chicano and Anglo children's performance on several measures of field dependence/independence (FDI), including the Portable Rod and Frame Test (PRFT), the Children's Embedded Figures Test (CEFT), the Human Figure Drawing Task (HFDT), and the Block Design Test. Also examined was the relationship between FDI…
Descriptors: Advance Organizers, Anglo Americans, Cognitive Style, Comparative Analysis
Britain, Susan D.; And Others – 1979
Kindergarten children were exposed to a behavior modification training activity involving perceptual scanning, which was designed to increase the field-independent mode of perception. The training was evaluated, based upon a group of 18 experimental subjects and a control group of 17 children. Subjects in the training group were individually…
Descriptors: Behavior Modification, Cognitive Style, Kindergarten Children, Perception
Gildemeister, Joan E.; Friedman, Philip – 1980
Reading achievement tests have been used to identify deficiencies in inner city, poor readers; however, they often do not provide information about encoding strategies which lead some children to academic success. Immediate memory and visual analytic differences which contribute to the success of skilled readers are isolated in this study using 20…
Descriptors: Cognitive Style, Elementary Education, Grade 6, Memory
Dreyer, Albert S.; and others – Percept Mot Skills, 1969
Descriptors: Cognitive Ability, Cognitive Development, Cognitive Processes, Grade 1
DENMARK, FLORENCE L.; AND OTHERS – 1967
A RESEARCH PROJECT WAS CONDUCTED TO DETERMINE THE EFFECTS OF ONE YEAR OF SCHOOL INTEGRATION ON 87 LOWER-CLASS NEGRO ELEMENTARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN A SUBURBAN NEW YORK COMMUNITY. IT WAS HYPOTHESIZED THAT THE INITIAL LEVEL OF STUDENTS' CONCEPT FORMATION, COGNITIVE STYLE (FIELD INDEPENDENCE), SELF-CONCEPT, AND INTERRACIAL CLASSROOM INTERATION WOULD…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Black Students, Cognitive Ability, Concept Formation
Elliot, Charles A. – 1976
This study was designed to determine whether instructional treatments specifically designed to match identifiable learner characteristics can produce significantly better learning than mismatched instruction. Instructional treatments for geometry were developed to match learning patterns of individual students, using field-dependence and…
Descriptors: Achievement Gains, Cognitive Style, Elementary Education, Grade 3
Ramirez, Manuel, III; And Others – 1974
This teaching manual is the fourth in a series of seven (accompanied by a manual of self-assessment units) that have been designed for use in bilingual/bicultural programs. The components of the series may be used either individually or together. This manual is intended to familiarize teachers with ways of measuring cognitive styles in children.…
Descriptors: Biculturalism, Bilingual Education, Bilingual Students, Bilingual Teachers
Thornell, John G. – 1975
This study examined possible relationships between the analytic/global dimension of cognitive style, as defined by Davis and Klausmeier (1970) and measured by the Children's Embedded Figures Test (CEFT), and two modes of instruction varying in the level of guidance provided the learner. Sixty Anglo subjects (eight and nine years old), identified…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Elementary School Students, Guidance Programs, Individual Differences
Stephens, Mark W. – 1972
Current research indicates the possible influence of IE development on cognitive development. Efforts are being made to identify behaviors by which parents or teachers can increase development of internal control expectancies in preschool children. Studies correlating children's IE scores with various mother behaviors or mother-child interaction…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Cognitive Development, Correlation, Intellectual Development
Mumbauer, Corinne C.; Miller, James O. – DARCEE Papers and Reports of George Peabody Coll. for Teachers, 1969
To continue exploration of the educational problems of deprived children, 32 disadvantaged and 32 advantaged children ranging in age from 4 years, 8 months to 5 years, 8 months, were selected to take a battery of tests designed to measure some of the skills and characteristics thought to be related to academic success. The factors measured and the…
Descriptors: Advantaged, Cognitive Development, Curiosity, Disadvantaged
Lovano, Jessie J. – 1969
The perceptual-developmental research of Kagan and Witkin elicited this study of cognitive style. The work of these two researchers leads to the conclusion that differences between graphic expressions of children of the same age reflect differences in the children's mode of information processing. Specifically, this study sought to test the…
Descriptors: Age Differences, Art Expression, Body Image, Cognitive Development
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