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Shapiro, Anna; Weiland, Christina – Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, 2019
There are unique challenges to estimating causal effects of preschool for students with special needs that have not received attention in the literature. We revisit the Head Start Impact Study (HSIS) to illustrate that when and how special needs is defined has implications for the internal validity of and interpretation of special needs subgroup…
Descriptors: Definitions, Special Education, Preschools, Preschool Children
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Davies, Patrick T.; Martin, Meredith J.; Sturge-Apple, Melissa L.; Ripple, Michael T.; Cicchetti, Dante – Developmental Psychology, 2016
Two studies tested hypotheses about the distinctive psychological consequences of children's patterns of responding to interparental conflict. In Study 1, 174 preschool children (M = 4.0 years) and their mothers participated in a cross-sectional design. In Study 2, 243 preschool children (M = 4.6 years) and their parents participated in 2 annual…
Descriptors: Coping, Parents, Interpersonal Competence, Conflict
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Bloom, Howard S.; Weiland, Christina – Society for Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2014
Head Start is the largest publicly funded preschool program in the U.S., and one of its primary goals is to improve the school readiness of low-income children. As has been widely reported, the first randomized trial of Head Start in the program's history found some evidence that it is achieving this goal. Receiving one year of Head Start had…
Descriptors: Early Intervention, Preschool Education, Early Childhood Education, School Readiness
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Voorhees, Mary D.; Walker, Virginia L.; Snell, Martha E.; Smith, Carol G. – Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 2013
Following the implementation of Tier 1 and Tier 2 Positive Behavior Support (PBS) strategies in six Head Start (HS) classrooms, three children in two classrooms were identified who had significant behavioral challenges and met the criteria for the use of individualized PBS. The purpose of this demonstration was to evaluate whether the effects of…
Descriptors: Preschool Education, Preschool Children, Behavior Problems, Behavior Modification
Jones, Stephanie M.; Zhai, Fuhua; Raver, C. Cybele – Society for Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2010
This paper investigates the long-term impact of participation in the Chicago School Readiness Project (CSRP) during the Head Start year on children's behavioral outcomes at the end of their Kindergarten year. The primary questions addressed in the paper are: (1) What is the experimental impact of CSRP on two-year change (from Fall Head Start to…
Descriptors: Control Groups, Behavior Problems, School Readiness, Intervention
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Morrison, Mary O.; Bratton, Sue C. – Psychology in the Schools, 2010
Head Start teachers and their aides (n = 24) were assigned to either the experimental or active control treatment in this preliminary investigation on the effects of Child Teacher Relationship Training (CTRT) on 52 disadvantaged preschool children identified with behavioral problems. CTRT is based on the principles and procedures of Child Parent…
Descriptors: Delivery Systems, Behavior Problems, Investigations, Early Intervention
Schwabe, Adrienne; Craig-Unkefer, Lesley – Online Submission, 2008
This study examined the effects that a multi-component intervention had on play behaviors and mean length of utterance (MLU) of eight Head Start children at risk for language delays and social skill development. The intervention consisted of three components: (a) a planning period included reading a story book that illustrated the play theme and…
Descriptors: Play, Preschool Children, Child Behavior, Disadvantaged Youth