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Dollar, Jessica M.; Stifter, Cynthia A.; Buss, Kristin A. – Developmental Psychology, 2017
The current study aimed to substantiate and extend our understanding regarding the existence and developmental pathways of 3 distinct temperament profiles--exuberant, inhibited, and average approach--in a sample of 3.5-year-old children (n = 121). The interactions between temperamental styles and specific types of effortful control, inhibitory…
Descriptors: Child Development, Young Children, Interaction, Personality Traits
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Laible, Deborah; Carlo, Gustavo; Davis, Alexandra N.; Karahuta, Erin – Developmental Psychology, 2016
Longitudinal links between early childhood temperament, maternal sensitivity, and adolescents' adjustment have been proposed and found in several longitudinal studies, but the mechanisms of influence have not been explored. The authors examined the paths from maternal sensitivity and temperament in early childhood to adolescents' prosocial,…
Descriptors: Predictor Variables, Prosocial Behavior, Antisocial Behavior, Delinquency
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Yan, Ni; Dix, Theodore – Developmental Psychology, 2016
Using data from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development (N = 1,364), the present study supports an agentic perspective; it demonstrates that mothers' depressive symptoms in infancy predict children's poor first-grade cognitive functioning because depressive symptoms…
Descriptors: Depression (Psychology), Mothers, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Cognitive Ability
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Kiuru, Noona; Laursen, Brett; Aunola, Kaisa; Zhang, Xia; Lerkkanen, Marja-Kristiina – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2016
This longitudinal study, conducted among a sample of Finnish primary-school children, examined the proposition that a single high-quality relationship (either with a teacher or a parent) can buffer against adjustment problems. Teachers rated the externalizing problems and prosocial behaviors of 378 children in Grade 1 and again in Grade 2.…
Descriptors: Student Adjustment, Elementary School Students, Elementary School Teachers, Teacher Student Relationship
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Chi, Sung-Ae; Kim, Seong Hyun; Kim, HyunJin – South African Journal of Education, 2016
This study investigated the affects of cognitive ability, creativity, and self-esteem on kindergartners' problem behaviour. Participants were 203 children (mean age = 65.8 months) attending kindergartens in Korea. Data collection used the Korean version of Child Behaviour Checklist, the Kaufman Assessment Battery for Children, the Torrance Test of…
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Kindergarten, Foreign Countries, Check Lists
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Collins, Brian Andrew; O'Connor, Erin Eileen; Supplee, Lauren; Shaw, Daniel S. – Journal of Educational Research, 2017
The authors identified trajectories of teacher-child relationship conflict and closeness from Grades 1 to 6, and associations between these trajectories and externalizing and internalizing behaviors at 11¬†years old among low-income, urban boys (N = 262). There were three main findings. Nagin cluster analyses indicated five trajectories for…
Descriptors: Low Income Students, Elementary School Students, Teacher Student Relationship, Urban Youth