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ERIC Number: ED562825
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2014
The Groove of Growth: How Early Gains in Math Ability Influence Adolescent Achievement
Watts, Tyler W.; Duncan, Greg J.; Siegler, Robert S.; Davis-Kean, Pamela E.
Society for Research on Educational Effectiveness
A number of studies, both small scale and of nationally-representative student samples, have reported substantial associations between school entry math ability and later elementary school achievement. However, questions remain regarding the persistence of the association between early growth in math ability and later math achievement due to the increasing complexity of math knowledge required to be successful in middle and high school. The current study relates both preschool level math skills and growth in math skills over kindergarten and 1st grade to math achievement measured into adolescence. Although it was expected that the association between early math growth and later achievement would decline over time, the study found that early math growth across kindergarten and 1st grade predicts age 15 math achievement as strongly as it predicts 3rd grade achievement. The study results imply the need for high quality math instruction and interventions during the period in which students first begin their primary schooling, as growth during in math ability during early elementary school appears to pay large dividends for achievement into adolescence. Tables and figures are appended.
Descriptors: Mathematics Skills, Academic Ability, Correlation, Elementary School Students, Mathematics Achievement, Knowledge Level, Elementary School Mathematics, Secondary School Mathematics, Preschool Education, Kindergarten, Grade 1, Grade 3, Predictor Variables, Adolescents, Educational Quality, Longitudinal Studies, Child Behavior, Check Lists, Verbal Ability, Intelligence Tests, Vocabulary, Personality, Questionnaires, Family Environment, Observation
Society for Research on Educational Effectiveness. 2040 Sheridan Road, Evanston, IL 60208. Tel: 202-495-0920; Fax: 202-640-4401; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://www.sree.org
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Secondary Education; Preschool Education; Early Childhood Education; Kindergarten; Primary Education; Grade 1; Grade 3
Authoring Institution: Society for Research on Educational Effectiveness (SREE)
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Continuous Performance Test; Home Observation for Measurement of Environment; Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test; Child Behavior Checklist; Woodcock Johnson Tests of Achievement