ERIC Number: EJ1145521
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Jul
Abstractor: As Provided
Exuberant and Inhibited Children: Person-Centered Profiles and Links to Social Adjustment
Dollar, Jessica M.; Stifter, Cynthia A.; Buss, Kristin A.
Developmental Psychology, v53 n7 p1222-1229 Jul 2017
The current study aimed to substantiate and extend our understanding regarding the existence and developmental pathways of 3 distinct temperament profiles--exuberant, inhibited, and average approach--in a sample of 3.5-year-old children (n = 121). The interactions between temperamental styles and specific types of effortful control, inhibitory control and attentional control, were also examined in predicting kindergarten peer acceptance. Latent profile analysis identified 3 temperamental styles: exuberant, inhibited, and average approach. Support was found for the adaptive role of inhibitory control for exuberant children and attentional control for inhibited children in promoting peer acceptance in kindergarten. These findings add to our current understanding of temperamental profiles by using sophisticated methodology in a slightly older, community sample, as well as the importance of examining specific types of self-regulation to identify which skills lower risk for children of different temperamental styles.
Descriptors: Child Development, Young Children, Interaction, Personality Traits, Self Control, Inhibition, Attention Control, Kindergarten, Peer Acceptance, Longitudinal Studies, Questionnaires, Play, Mothers, Parent Attitudes, Check Lists, Child Behavior, Statistical Analysis, Correlation, Coding, Affective Behavior, Predictor Variables, Multiple Regression Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Kindergarten; Primary Education; Early Childhood Education
Sponsor: National Institute of Mental Health (DHHS/NIH)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Child Behavior Checklist
Grant or Contract Numbers: MH075750