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Dollar, Jessica M.; Stifter, Cynthia A.; Buss, Kristin A. – Developmental Psychology, 2017
The current study aimed to substantiate and extend our understanding regarding the existence and developmental pathways of 3 distinct temperament profiles--exuberant, inhibited, and average approach--in a sample of 3.5-year-old children (n = 121). The interactions between temperamental styles and specific types of effortful control, inhibitory…
Descriptors: Child Development, Young Children, Interaction, Personality Traits
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Murray, Christopher; Kosty, Derek; Hauser-McLean, Kristin – Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 2016
A growing number of researchers are examining how teacher-student relationships contribute to child and adolescent development. Much of this work is based on two distinct theoretical perspectives: social support and attachment. The current study investigates the importance of teacher-student relationships from each of these perspectives among…
Descriptors: Minority Group Children, African American Children, Low Income Students, Social Support Groups
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Dan, Aviva – Contemporary Issues in Education Research, 2016
Deficits in self-regulatory skills underlie or contribute to a range of adverse developmental problems and disorders, including ADHD (Barkley, 1997), eating disorders (Attie & Brooks-Gunn, 1995) and risk -taking behaviour (Cantor & Sanderson 1998; Eisenberg et al., 2005). Self-regulation has been recognised as an important factor in aiding…
Descriptors: Self Control, Early Childhood Education, Kindergarten, Mixed Methods Research
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Chi, Sung-Ae; Kim, Seong Hyun; Kim, HyunJin – South African Journal of Education, 2016
This study investigated the affects of cognitive ability, creativity, and self-esteem on kindergartners' problem behaviour. Participants were 203 children (mean age = 65.8 months) attending kindergartens in Korea. Data collection used the Korean version of Child Behaviour Checklist, the Kaufman Assessment Battery for Children, the Torrance Test of…
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Kindergarten, Foreign Countries, Check Lists
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Harrist, Amanda W.; Achacoso, Joseph A.; John, Aesha; Pettit, Gregory S.; Bates, John E.; Dodge, Kenneth A. – Early Education and Development, 2014
Research Findings: In this examination of associations between sibling interaction patterns and later social outcomes in single- and 2-parent families, 113 kindergarteners took part in naturalistic observations at home with siblings, classmates participated in sociometric interviews, and teachers completed behavior ratings. Sibling interactions…
Descriptors: Correlation, Siblings, Sibling Relationship, Interaction
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Keys, Tran D.; Farkas, George; Burchinal, Margaret R.; Duncan, Greg J.; Vandell, Deborah L.; Li, Weilin; Ruzek, Erik A.; Howes, Carollee – Child Development, 2013
This article examines associations between observed quality in preschool center classrooms for approximately 6,250 three- to five-year-olds and their school readiness skills at kindergarten entry. Secondary analyses were conducted using data from four large-scale studies to estimate the effects of preschool center quality and interactions between…
Descriptors: School Readiness, Preschool Education, Social Development, Emotional Development
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Hagan-Burke, Shanna; Kwok, Oi-man; Zou, Yuanyuan; Johnson, Caitlin; Simmons, Deborah; Coyne, Michael D. – Journal of Special Education, 2011
This study examined the influences of problem behaviors on kindergarten reading outcomes and investigated the extent to which explicit, code-based reading instruction moderated those relations among 206 children identified as being at risk of reading difficulty. Children from the classrooms of 57 kindergarten teachers in 12 schools were randomly…
Descriptors: Intervention, Early Reading, Phonemics, Alphabets
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Quinn, Marian; Hennessy, Eilis – Early Education and Development, 2010
Research Findings: The aim of this longitudinal study was to explore peer relationships across the transition from preschool to school. Participants were 35 (17 male) children attending the Irish preschool initiative Early Start (M age = 49.31 months). Sociometric measures were employed on two occasions: at the end of preschool and in the first…
Descriptors: Peer Relationship, Friendship, Preschool Children, Foreign Countries
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Snyder, James; Bullard, Lisa; Wagener, Alexandra; Leong, Pek Kuan; Snyder, John; Jenkins, Melissa – Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 2009
The development of child anxiety and depressive symptoms from mean ages 5.3 to 9.3 years was examined in a community sample of 133 girls and 134 boys, using parent and teacher ratings. Reliable individual differences in anxiety and depressive symptoms at mean age 5.3 and in their change to mean age 9.3 were observed, with significant correlations…
Descriptors: Emotional Problems, Children, Depression (Psychology), Anxiety