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May, Emily M.; Azar, Sandra T.; Matthews, Stephen A. – Grantee Submission, 2018
Living in a disadvantaged neighborhood is associated with heightened risk for poor school readiness and health outcomes in early childhood, and the home environment is thought to be a primary mechanism by which neighborhood context impacts preschoolers. This study examined the effects of neighborhood concentrated disadvantage and neighborhood…
Descriptors: Disadvantaged Youth, Neighborhoods, At Risk Students, School Readiness
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Buettner, Cynthia K.; Jeon, Lieny; Hur, Eunhye; Garcia, Rachel E. – Early Education and Development, 2016
Research Findings: Early care and education has pronounced implications for young children's social-emotional learning. Although program structural and classroom process quality indicators have been widely explored, teachers' personal social-emotional capacity has only recently been recognized as an indicator of quality. This study reviewed and…
Descriptors: Early Childhood Education, Young Children, Social Development, Emotional Development
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Yan, Ni; Dix, Theodore – Developmental Psychology, 2016
Using data from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development (N = 1,364), the present study supports an agentic perspective; it demonstrates that mothers' depressive symptoms in infancy predict children's poor first-grade cognitive functioning because depressive symptoms…
Descriptors: Depression (Psychology), Mothers, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Cognitive Ability
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Nievar, M. Angela; Moske, Amanda Kay; Johnson, Deborah Jean; Chen, Qi – Early Education and Development, 2014
Research Findings: This study investigates the effect of the early home environment on self-regulation in preschoolers, and how self-regulation relates to later school achievement, while taking into account family resources. Participants were part of the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development's Study of Early Child Care and Youth…
Descriptors: Parenting Styles, Family Environment, Self Control, Preschool Children
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Castro-Schilo, Laura; Widaman, Keith F.; Grimm, Kevin J. – Structural Equation Modeling: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 2013
In 1959, Campbell and Fiske introduced the use of multitrait-multimethod (MTMM) matrices in psychology, and for the past 4 decades confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) has commonly been used to analyze MTMM data. However, researchers do not always fit CFA models when MTMM data are available; when CFA modeling is used, multiple models are available…
Descriptors: Multitrait Multimethod Techniques, Factor Analysis, Structural Equation Models, Monte Carlo Methods
Mathis, Erin; Bierman, Karen – Society for Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2012
This study focuses on three aspects of parenting that have been linked theoretically and empirically with the development of child emotion regulation and attention control skills in early childhood: 1) parental stress and distress, 2) the degree of warmth and sensitivity evident in the parent-child relationship, and 3) parental support for the…
Descriptors: Intervention, Structural Equation Models, Disadvantaged Youth, Attention Control