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May, Emily M.; Azar, Sandra T.; Matthews, Stephen A. – Grantee Submission, 2018
Living in a disadvantaged neighborhood is associated with heightened risk for poor school readiness and health outcomes in early childhood, and the home environment is thought to be a primary mechanism by which neighborhood context impacts preschoolers. This study examined the effects of neighborhood concentrated disadvantage and neighborhood…
Descriptors: Disadvantaged Youth, Neighborhoods, At Risk Students, School Readiness
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Martí, Maria; Bonillo, Albert; Jané, Maria Claustre; Fisher, Elisa M.; Duch, Helena – Early Education and Development, 2016
Research Findings: Supportive mother-child interactions promote the development of social-emotional competence. Poverty and other associated psychosocial risk factors have a negative impact on mother-child interaction. In spite of Latino children being disproportionately represented among children living in poverty, research on mother-child…
Descriptors: Risk, Mothers, Parent Child Relationship, Economically Disadvantaged
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Swartz, Rebecca Anne; Speirs, Katherine Elizabeth; Encinger, Amy Johnson; McElwain, Nancy L. – Early Education and Development, 2016
Research Findings: Strong relationships among children, families, and early care and education (ECE) providers are key to quality infant-toddler care. These relationships are shaped during the initial transition period to group care. We used a mixed methods approach to (a) assess maternal perspectives on the transition to group care, (b) explore…
Descriptors: Mother Attitudes, Mixed Methods Research, Statistical Analysis, Preschool Children
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Buettner, Cynthia K.; Jeon, Lieny; Hur, Eunhye; Garcia, Rachel E. – Early Education and Development, 2016
Research Findings: Early care and education has pronounced implications for young children's social-emotional learning. Although program structural and classroom process quality indicators have been widely explored, teachers' personal social-emotional capacity has only recently been recognized as an indicator of quality. This study reviewed and…
Descriptors: Early Childhood Education, Young Children, Social Development, Emotional Development
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Iluz, Reli; Adi-Japha, Esther; Klein, Pnina S. – Early Education and Development, 2016
Research Findings: Early child care policy and practice are grounded in a growing understanding of the importance of the first years of life. In earlier studies, associations between child-staff ratios and peer skills yielded inconsistent findings. The current study used data from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Study…
Descriptors: Teacher Student Ratio, Skill Development, Peer Relationship, Young Children
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Troop-Gordon, Wendy; Ranney, John D. – Developmental Psychology, 2014
Popularity has been linked to heightened aggression and fewer depressive symptoms. The current study extends this literature by examining the unique contributions of same-sex and cross-sex popularity to children's development, as well as potential mediating processes. Third- and 4th-graders (212 boys, 250 girls) provided data at 3 time points over…
Descriptors: Peer Relationship, Social Status, Aggression, Depression (Psychology)
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Nievar, M. Angela; Moske, Amanda Kay; Johnson, Deborah Jean; Chen, Qi – Early Education and Development, 2014
Research Findings: This study investigates the effect of the early home environment on self-regulation in preschoolers, and how self-regulation relates to later school achievement, while taking into account family resources. Participants were part of the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development's Study of Early Child Care and Youth…
Descriptors: Parenting Styles, Family Environment, Self Control, Preschool Children
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Elicker, James; Wen, Xiaoli; Kwon, Kyong-Ah; Sprague, Jill B. – Early Education and Development, 2013
Research Findings: Interpersonal relationships among staff caregivers, parents, and children have been recommended as essential aspects of early childhood intervention. This study explored the associations of these relationships with program outcomes for children and parents in 3 Early Head Start programs. A total of 71 children (8-35 months,…
Descriptors: Disadvantaged Youth, Preschool Education, Caregiver Child Relationship, Parent Background
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Castro-Schilo, Laura; Widaman, Keith F.; Grimm, Kevin J. – Structural Equation Modeling: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 2013
In 1959, Campbell and Fiske introduced the use of multitrait-multimethod (MTMM) matrices in psychology, and for the past 4 decades confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) has commonly been used to analyze MTMM data. However, researchers do not always fit CFA models when MTMM data are available; when CFA modeling is used, multiple models are available…
Descriptors: Multitrait Multimethod Techniques, Factor Analysis, Structural Equation Models, Monte Carlo Methods