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Yan, Ni; Dix, Theodore – Developmental Psychology, 2016
Using data from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development (N = 1,364), the present study supports an agentic perspective; it demonstrates that mothers' depressive symptoms in infancy predict children's poor first-grade cognitive functioning because depressive symptoms…
Descriptors: Depression (Psychology), Mothers, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Cognitive Ability
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Russell, Beth S.; Lee, Jungeun Olivia; Spieker, Susan; Oxford, Monica L. – Journal of Research in Childhood Education, 2016
The current longitudinal study used data from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development (SECCYD) to examine a model of development that emphasizes early caregiving environments as predictors of social emotional competence (including classroom competence). This path analysis…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Early Childhood Education, Grade 1, Parenting Styles
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Troop-Gordon, Wendy; Ranney, John D. – Developmental Psychology, 2014
Popularity has been linked to heightened aggression and fewer depressive symptoms. The current study extends this literature by examining the unique contributions of same-sex and cross-sex popularity to children's development, as well as potential mediating processes. Third- and 4th-graders (212 boys, 250 girls) provided data at 3 time points over…
Descriptors: Peer Relationship, Social Status, Aggression, Depression (Psychology)
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Castro-Schilo, Laura; Widaman, Keith F.; Grimm, Kevin J. – Structural Equation Modeling: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 2013
In 1959, Campbell and Fiske introduced the use of multitrait-multimethod (MTMM) matrices in psychology, and for the past 4 decades confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) has commonly been used to analyze MTMM data. However, researchers do not always fit CFA models when MTMM data are available; when CFA modeling is used, multiple models are available…
Descriptors: Multitrait Multimethod Techniques, Factor Analysis, Structural Equation Models, Monte Carlo Methods
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Razza, Rachel A.; Raymond, Kimberly – Social Development, 2013
This study examined the developmental pathways from maternal behavior to school readiness within a sample of 1007 children, with a specific focus on the mediating role of delay of gratification (DoG). Maternal behavior across the first 36 months of age was explored as a predictor of children's DoG at 54 months as well as their behavioral and…
Descriptors: Mothers, Parent Child Relationship, Delay of Gratification, School Readiness
Mathis, Erin; Bierman, Karen – Society for Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2012
This study focuses on three aspects of parenting that have been linked theoretically and empirically with the development of child emotion regulation and attention control skills in early childhood: 1) parental stress and distress, 2) the degree of warmth and sensitivity evident in the parent-child relationship, and 3) parental support for the…
Descriptors: Intervention, Structural Equation Models, Disadvantaged Youth, Attention Control
Hyman, Joshua – Society for Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2011
Head Start is a federally funded preschool program for poor children designed to help close the gap between those children and their more advantaged peers before they begin public schooling. Given that Head Start appears to have positive long-run impacts on its recipients, a natural and important next question to ask is: What are the channels…
Descriptors: Preschool Education, Disadvantaged Youth, Cognitive Development, Program Effectiveness
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Jeon, Hyun-Joo; Peterson, Carla A.; Wall, Shavaun; Carta, Judith J.; Luze, Gayle; Eshbaugh, Elaine M.; Swanson, Mark – Exceptional Children, 2011
This study examined school readiness at kindergarten entry for low-income children whose disability indicators were identified before age 3. Data were collected as part of the Early Head Start Research and Evaluation Longitudinal Follow-Up study. Children who had suspected developmental delays and did not receive Part C services had lower…
Descriptors: School Readiness, Early Intervention, Low Income Groups, At Risk Students