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Light, Audrey; Rama, Apoorva – Education Economics, 2019
Using a sample of college graduates from the NLSY97, we introduce a new approach to assessing wage benefits of STEM training, STEM jobs, and the match between the two: rather than classify individuals dichotomously as STEM or non-STEM, we measure the STEM-intensities of both their college coursework and their occupational requirements. While the…
Descriptors: STEM Education, Gender Differences, Prediction, College Graduates
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Rindermann, Heiner; Ceci, Stephen J. – Journal for the Education of the Gifted, 2018
In 19 (sub)samples from seven countries (United States, Austria, Germany, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Vietnam, Brazil), we analyzed the impact of parental education compared with wealth on the cognitive ability of children (aged 4-22 years, total N = 15,297). The background of their families ranged from poor indigenous remote villagers to academic…
Descriptors: Parent Background, Educational Attainment, Parent Child Relationship, Intelligence
Malone, Lauren; Hiatt, Cathy; Sims, Bill – CNA, 2018
In this study, we evaluate the feasibility of increasing the number of graduates from the National Guard Youth ChalleNGe Program (ChalleNGe) who could be employable in one of the four military services. Because of the Department of Defense's (DOD's) and the services' quality goals, this requires that a significant portion of ChalleNGe graduates…
Descriptors: Youth Programs, Military Training, Graduates, Employment Potential
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Hadd, Alexandria Ree; Rodgers, Joseph Lee – Developmental Psychology, 2017
The quality of the home environment, as a predictor, is related to health, education, and emotion outcomes. However, factors influencing the quality of the home environment, as an outcome, have been understudied--particularly how children construct their own environments. Further, most previous research on family processes and outcomes has…
Descriptors: Family Environment, Child Development, Family Income, Educational Attainment
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Boffy-Ramirez, Ernest – Education Economics, 2017
This study examines the impact of fluctuations in the unemployment rate before high school graduation on educational attainment measured 30 years later. I find evidence that important heterogeneity is masked by estimating average effects across the ability distribution. Using data from the 1979 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, this analysis…
Descriptors: Educational Attainment, Unemployment, Longitudinal Studies, National Surveys
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Bugaj, Stephen J. – International Journal for Talent Development and Creativity, 2017
Mensa is an organization of people scoring in the upper two percent on an approved intelligence test. Once considered a group for "geeks", it has expanded its role to offer considerable resources to parents and teachers of the gifted. However, a review of the literature indicated that this information is not routinely available to…
Descriptors: Organizations (Groups), Academically Gifted, Talent, Cognitive Ability
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Mohanty, Madhu S. – Education Economics, 2016
Using data from the USA, the study demonstrates that an individual's completed years of schooling later in life is positively related to his/her frequency of religious attendance during youth. Using the propensity score matching technique, the study shows that this relationship is causal. This conclusion remains valid for youths of different…
Descriptors: Religious Factors, Attendance, Educational Attainment, Correlation
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Richey, Jeremiah – Education Economics, 2015
This paper documents changes in the entire ability distribution of individuals entering the teaching profession using the 1979 and 1997 cohorts of the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth and a constructed Armed Force Qualifying Test score that allows direct comparison of ability between cohorts. Such direct comparison between cohorts was…
Descriptors: Teacher Effectiveness, Educational Trends, Trend Analysis, Ability
Burkhauser, Susan; Hanser, Lawrence M.; Hardison, Chaitra M. – RAND Corporation, 2014
The U.S. military services have traditionally used a tiering system, including education credentials such as high school diplomas, in combination with Armed Forces Qualification Test (AFQT) scores to help gauge the likelihood of a recruit persevering through his or her first term of service. But what about less traditional credentials, such as…
Descriptors: Military Personnel, Credentials, Secondary Education, Home Schooling
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Yao, Lihua – Applied Psychological Measurement, 2013
Through simulated data, five multidimensional computerized adaptive testing (MCAT) selection procedures with varying test lengths are examined and compared using different stopping rules. Fixed item exposure rates are used for all the items, and the Priority Index (PI) method is used for the content constraints. Two stopping rules, standard error…
Descriptors: Computer Assisted Testing, Adaptive Testing, Test Items, Selection
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Kurlaender, Michal; Grodsky, Eric – Sociology of Education, 2013
Although some scholars report that all students are better served by attending more prestigious postsecondary institutions, others have argued that students are better off attending colleges where they are about average in terms of academic ability and suffer worse outcomes if they attend schools that are "out of their league" at which…
Descriptors: College Admission, Selective Admission, College Choice, Academic Ability
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Lyons, Michael J.; Panizzon, Matthew S.; Liu, Weijian; McKenzie, Ruth; Bluestone, Noah J.; Grant, Michael D.; Franz, Carol E.; Vuoksimaa, Eero P.; Toomey, Rosemary; Jacobson, Kristen C.; Reynolds, Chandra A.; Kremen, William S.; Xian, Hong – Developmental Psychology, 2017
In this longitudinal study we examined the stability of general cognitive ability (GCA), as well as heterogeneity and genetic and environmental influences underlying individual differences in change. We investigated GCA from young adulthood through late midlife in 1,288 Vietnam Era Twin Study of Aging participants at ages ~20, ~56, and ~62 years.…
Descriptors: Twins, Genetics, Longitudinal Studies, Correlation
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Hall, Matthew; Farkas, George – Social Forces, 2011
We use panel data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (NLSY79) to estimate the effects of cognitive skills (measured by the Armed Forces Qualification Test) and attitudinal/behavioral traits (a latent factor based on self-reported self-esteem, locus of control, educational aspirations and educational expectations) on career wage…
Descriptors: Wages, Locus of Control, Females, Salary Wage Differentials
Theokas, Christina – Education Trust, 2010
Many educators comfortably embrace the myth that the military will enlist any and all high school graduates who are interested. However, a new analysis from The Education Trust reports that too many of the nation's high school graduates have not been adequately prepared to serve in the U.S. Army. In "Shut Out of the Military," the…
Descriptors: Secondary Education, High School Graduates, Armed Forces, Vocational Aptitude
Aaronson, Daniel; Mazumder, Bhashkar – Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, 2009
The Black-White gap in completed schooling among Southern born men narrowed sharply between the World Wars after being stagnant from 1880 to 1910. We examine a large scale school construction project, the Rosenwald Rural Schools Initiative, which was designed to dramatically improve the educational opportunities for Southern rural Blacks. From…
Descriptors: Wages, African Americans, Rural Schools, School Construction
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