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Angoff, William H. – New Directions for Testing and Measurement, 1981
The functions, goals, and characteristics of test standardization are discussed, including an explanation of how score equating as an aspect of standardization is essential to the achievement of equity in testing. Psychometric specialists and testing program directors must understand score equating to ensure equitable use of tests. (Author/AL)
Descriptors: Equated Scores, Justice, Standardized Tests, Testing Problems
Tumin, Melvin M. – New Directions for Testing and Measurement, 1981
Admissions testing and its consequences are looked upon as a reflection of the current debate occurring in Western capitalist democracies concerning the optimization of freedom, fairness, and wealth. In dealing with the competition and conflict of values and interests, there can be no factual but political resolution. (Author/AL)
Descriptors: Admission Criteria, College Entrance Examinations, Minority Groups, Test Use
Ebel, Robert L. – New Directions for Testing and Measurement, 1981
Tests of mental ability provide the most precise and efficient means of assessing a person's structure of knowledge. Tests help in cultivating cognitive competence, in developing and identifying excellence. The harmful consequences of not testing are outlined. (Author/AL)
Descriptors: Cognitive Tests, Test Use, Testing, Testing Problems
Dixon, Rebecca R. – New Directions for Testing and Measurement, 1981
The emphasis placed on test scores in college admissions is discussed. The need for colleges to periodically analyze and define their admissions policy is recommended. (Author/AL)
Descriptors: Admission Criteria, College Entrance Examinations, Predictive Validity, Scores
Hargadon, Fred – New Directions for Testing and Measurement, 1981
The diversity in college admissions policies is described and the relationship between these policies and admissions testing is explained. The consequences of government regulation of testing is discussed. Colleges are urged to defend their autonomy in admissions and to act responsibly in that respect. (Author/AL)
Descriptors: Admission Criteria, College Entrance Examinations, Educational Responsibility, Government Role
Schrader, William B., Ed. – New Directions for Testing and Measurement, 1979
This conference was organized around four policy concerns: (1) the needs of handicapped, gifted, and bilingual students; (2) the use of test results to allocate federal compensatory education funds; (3) the validity of minimum competency testing; and (4) the demand for increasingly sophisticated evaluations. Garry L. McDaniels discussed the…
Descriptors: Academically Gifted, Accountability, Bilingual Students, Compensatory Education
Lerner, Barbara – New Directions for Testing and Measurement, 1981
The history of the social, legal, and educational aspects of equal opportunity and equal results are outlined, and the rift between the two principles is described. Equal opportunity laws work, especially when enforced expeditiously, and are supported by most Americans. Equal results laws are a failure and counterproductive. (Author/AL)
Descriptors: Blacks, Educational Discrimination, Equal Education, Equal Protection
Watson, Bernard C. – New Directions for Testing and Measurement, 1981
The history of test development and the current controversy over standardized testing are reviewed. The consequences of testing, particularly for minority groups, are outlined, and criticism of some viewpoints of professors Robert Ebel and Melvin Tumin is made. (Author/AL)
Descriptors: Admission Criteria, Minority Groups, Scores, Standardized Tests
Bond, Lloyd – New Directions for Testing and Measurement, 1981
Three important issues related to the testing debate, particularly in the context of college and professional school admissions, are reviewed and evaluated. (Author/AL)
Descriptors: Admission Criteria, College Entrance Examinations, Equal Protection, Test Bias
Bennett, Caroline M. – New Directions for Testing and Measurement, 1981
The Educational Testing Service must take on more responsibility for preparing students to take tests and to better understand the legal and social aspects of testing. (Author/AL)
Descriptors: Accountability, Community Responsibility, Educational Responsibility, Information Dissemination
Fuller, Bruce – New Directions for Testing and Measurement, 1981
A discussion on the tension between university organizational interests and individual student interests with respect to the use of admissions tests is presented. Responsibilities of colleges and professional schools toward an increasingly pluralistic society are examined, and the need for more research on evaluating human competencies is urged.…
Descriptors: Admission Criteria, College Entrance Examinations, Competence, Educational Responsibility
Holtzman, Wayne H. – New Directions for Testing and Measurement, 1981
The impact of self-regulation by testing professionals on test quality is discussed. Public attitudes toward testing, particularly with respect to college admissions, are outlined. Consequences of regulation be legislation of admissions testing are presented. (Author/AL)
Descriptors: Admission Criteria, College Entrance Examinations, Government Role, Legislation
Fitzgibbon, Thomas J. – New Directions for Testing and Measurement, 1981
The involvement of the courts in testing matters, particularly with regard to college and professional school admissions, is analyzed. Testing professionals are encouraged to inform and enlighten society about testing issues. (Author/AL)
Descriptors: Admission Criteria, Attitudes, Educational Responsibility, Legislation